Using the mechanical bond to tune the performance of a thermally activated delayed fluorescence emitter
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We report the characterization of rotaxanes based on a carbazole–benzophenone thermally activated delayed fluorescence luminophore. We find that the mechanical bond leads to an improvement in key photophysical properties of the emitter, notably an increase in photoluminescence quantum yield and a decrease in the energy difference between singlet and triplet states, as well as fine tuning of the emission wavelength, a feat that is difficult to achieve when using covalently bound substituents. Computational simulations, supported by X‐ray crystallography, suggest that this tuning of properties occurs due to weak interactions between the axle and the macrocycle that are enforced by the mechanical bond . This work highlights the benefits of using the mechanical bond to refine existing luminophores, providing a new avenue for emitter optimization that can ultimately increase the performance of these molecules.
Rajamalli , P , Rizzi , F , Li , W , Jinks , M A , Gupta , A K , Laidlaw , B , Samuel , I D W , Penfold , T J , Goldup , S M & Zysman-Colman , E 2021 , ' Using the mechanical bond to tune the performance of a thermally activated delayed fluorescence emitter ' , Angewandte Chemie International Edition , vol. 60 , no. 21 , pp. 12066-12073 . https://doi.org/10.1002/anie.202101870
Angewandte Chemie International Edition
Copyright © 2021 The Authors. Angewandte Chemie International Edition published by Wiley-VCH GmbH. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
DescriptionFunding: P.R. acknowledges support from a Marie Skłodowska-Curie Individual Fellowship (MCIF; No. 749557). EZ-C thanks the Leverhulme trust for support (RPG-2016-047). T.J.P acknowledges the EPSRC (EP/P012388/1, EP/T022442/1) for support. EZ-C and IDWS acknowledge support from EPSRC (EP/L017008, EP/P010482/1). SMG thanks the European Research Council (Consolidator Grant Agreement no. 724987) and the Leverhulme Trust (ORPG-2733) for funding and the Royal Society for a Wolfson Research Fellowship. W. L acknowledges support from China Scholarship Council (201708060003).
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