Delays in diagnosis and treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis in patients seeking care at a regional referral hospital, Uganda : a cross sectional study
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Objective: A cross-sectional survey involving 134 pulmonary TB patients started on TB treatment at the TB Treatment Unit of the regional referral hospital was conducted to ascertain the prevalence of individual and health facility delays and associated factors. Prolonged health facility delay was taken as delay of more than 1 week and prolonged patient delay as delay of more than 3 weeks. A logistic regression model was done using STATA version 12 to determine the delays. Results: There was a median total delay of 13 weeks and 110 (82.1%) of the respondents had delay of more than 4 weeks. Patient delay was the most frequent and greatest contributor of total delay and exceeded 3 weeks in 95 (71.6%) respondents. At multivariate analysis, factors that influenced delay included poor patient knowledge on TB (adjOR 6.904, 95% CI 1.648-28.921; p = 0.04) and being unemployed (adjOR 3.947, 95% CI 1.382-11.274; p = 0.010) while being female was found protective of delay; adjOR 0.231, 95% CI 0.08-0.67; p = 0.007). Patient delay was the most significant, frequent and greatest contributor to total delay, and factors associated with delay included being unemployed, low knowledge on TB while being female was found protective of delay.
Muttamba , W , Kyobe , S , Komuhangi , A , Lakony , J , Buregyeya , E , Mabumba , E & Basaza , R K 2019 , ' Delays in diagnosis and treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis in patients seeking care at a regional referral hospital, Uganda : a cross sectional study ' , BMC Research Notes , vol. 12 , 589 . https://doi.org/10.1186/s13104-019-4616-2
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