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dc.contributor.authorRajamalli, Pachaiyappan
dc.contributor.authorChen, Dongyang
dc.contributor.authorMadayanad Suresh, Subeesh
dc.contributor.authorTsuchiya, Youichi
dc.contributor.authorAdachi, Chihaya
dc.contributor.authorZysman-Colman, Eli
dc.identifier.citationRajamalli , P , Chen , D , Madayanad Suresh , S , Tsuchiya , Y , Adachi , C & Zysman-Colman , E 2021 , ' Planar and rigid pyrazine based TADF emitter for deep blue bright organic light emitting diodes ' , European Journal of Organic Chemistry , vol. 2021 , no. 16 , pp. 2285-2293 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 272967812
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 220ed997-54c3-4c8b-8f20-5c99009f3d1e
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0001-7183-6022/work/90567766
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0001-8079-0425/work/90568167
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85102380100
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000627869400001
dc.descriptionFunding: Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (Grant Number(s): EP/P010482/1, EP/R035164/1); H2020 Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions (Grant Number(s): 749557, 838885); China Scholarship Council (Grant Number(s): 201603780001).en
dc.description.abstractTwo blue thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) emitters bearing di‐tert‐butyl carbazoles as the electron donor groups and pyrazine (DTCz‐Pz) or dipyrazine (DTCz‐Pz) as the electron acceptor are presented. The DFT calculations predict DTCz‐Pz and DTCz‐DPz to possess high S1 energies (3.19 eV and 3.08 eV, respectively), and relatively large ΔEST values (0.52 eV and 0.56 eV, respectively). The closely layered intermediate triplet states between S1 and T1 , predicted by DFT calculations, are expected to facilitate the reverse intersystem crossing (RISC) and improve spin‐vibronic coupling efficiency between the excited states even the relatively larger ΔESTs. The ΔESTs for DTCz‐Pz and DTCz‐DPz are 0.27 eV and 0.38 eV, and both molecules show high photoluminescence quantum yields (65%, and 70%, respectively) and the decay lifetimes show temperature dependence in a PPT host, which is consistent that both molecules are TADF emitters in PPT. The OLEDs based on DTCz‐Pz exhibit deep blue emission with λEL of 460 nm and CIE of (0.15, 0.16). The maximum external quantum efficiency (EQEmax) reaches 11.6%, with a maximum luminance (Lmax) of up to 6892 cd m‐2 , while the device based on DTCz‐DPz exhibits sky blue emission with λEL of 484 nm and CIE of (0.15, 0.30), an EQEmax of 7.2%, and Lmax of 8802 cd m‐2 .
dc.relation.ispartofEuropean Journal of Organic Chemistryen
dc.rightsCopyright © 2021 The Authors. European Journal of Organic Chemistry published by Wiley-VCH GmbH. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.en
dc.subjectThermally activated delayed fluorescenceen
dc.subjectOrganic light-emitting diodesen
dc.subjectQD Chemistryen
dc.titlePlanar and rigid pyrazine based TADF emitter for deep blue bright organic light emitting diodesen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.contributor.sponsorEuropean Commissionen
dc.contributor.sponsorEuropean Commissionen
dc.description.versionPublisher PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. School of Chemistryen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. EaSTCHEMen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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