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dc.contributor.authorCowcher, Kate
dc.identifier.citationCowcher , K 2020 , ' The museum as prison and other protective measures in socialist Ethiopia ' , International Journal of Heritage Studies , vol. 26 , no. 12 , pp. 1166-1184 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 260926886
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: f55a5a74-4d29-4f21-9300-ff14f05c82a7
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0002-2157-1799/work/61622275
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85073786648
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000485561200001
dc.descriptionResearch for this study was partially funded by the Centre for Advanced Study in the Visual Arts (CASVA) at the National Gallery of Art.en
dc.description.abstractIn 1974 Emperor Haile Selassie was overthrown in a revolution that ended Ethiopia’s long Imperial history and ushered in a military Marxist dictatorship. The challenge of what to do with Ethiopia’s vast royal and religious cultural heritage–of symbolic national and Pan-African significance–immediately presented itself. This article considers the treatment of the Ethiopia’s historic heritages in the wake of the Emperor’s fall, examining both acts of iconoclasm and the proliferation of a cultural heritage bureaucracy in keeping with a putatively socialist political agenda. Focusing specifically on a UNESCO report about the proposed new National Museum, this study explores efforts to recast Ethiopia’s national narrative within a ‘progressive’ framework, and the influence of Leninist attitudes towards ‘imperial’ heritage in the wake of revolution. The latter evidences the impact of Soviet heritage concepts, known in Addis through the circulation of Progress Publisher books from the later 1970s onwards, and through educational sojourns by Ethiopian intellectuals to Soviet cities. Though the revolution was a destructive, iconoclastic process in which many (including the Emperor) lost their lives, it left a curious legacy regarding national cultural heritage, the very definition of which was dramatically expanded to include much more than royal crowns and Orthodox treasures.
dc.relation.ispartofInternational Journal of Heritage Studiesen
dc.rightsCopyright © 2019 Kate Cowcher. This work has been made available online in accordance with publisher policies or with permission. Permission for further reuse of this content should be sought from the publisher or the rights holder. This is the author created accepted manuscript following peer review and may differ slightly from the final published version. The final published version of this work is available at
dc.subjectSoviet Unionen
dc.subjectNX Arts in generalen
dc.titleThe museum as prison and other protective measures in socialist Ethiopiaen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Centre for Contemporary Arten
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.School of Art Historyen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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