Classifying oceanographic structures in the Amundsen Sea, Antarctica
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The remote and often ice‐covered Amundsen Sea Embayment in Antarctica is important for transporting relatively warm modified Circumpolar Deep Water (mCDW) to the Western Antarctic Ice Sheet, potentially accelerating its thinning and contribution to sea level rise. To investigate potential pathways and variability of mCDW, 3809 CTD profiles (instrumented seal and ship‐based data) are classified using a machine learning approach (Profile Classification Model). Five vertical regimes are identified, and areas of larger variability highlighted. Three spatial regimes are captured: Off‐Shelf, Eastern and Central Troughs. The on‐shelf profiles further show a separation between cold and warm modes. The variability is higher north of Burke Island and at the southern end of the Eastern Trough, which reflects the convergence of different mCDW pathways between the Eastern and the Central Trough. Finally, a clear but variable clockwise circulation is identified in Pine Island Bay.
Boehme , L & Rosso , I 2021 , ' Classifying oceanographic structures in the Amundsen Sea, Antarctica ' , Geophysical Research Letters , vol. 48 , no. 5 , e2020GL089412 . https://doi.org/10.1029/2020GL089412
Geophysical Research Letters
Copyright © 2021. The Authors. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
DescriptionFunding: The TARSAN project was funded by the U.S. National Science Foundation, Office of Polar Programs (Grant #1738992) and the UK Natural Environment Research Council (NERC, NE/S006591/1). I.R. was supported by the National Science Foundation’s Southern Ocean Carbon and Climate Observations and Modeling SOCCOM) project under NSF Award PLR-1425989, with additional support from NOAA and NASA.
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