Show simple item record

Files in this item

Thumbnail

Item metadata

dc.contributor.authorRadzvilavicius, Arunas L
dc.contributor.authorStewart, Alexander J
dc.contributor.authorPlotkin, Joshua B
dc.date.accessioned2021-03-02T11:30:39Z
dc.date.available2021-03-02T11:30:39Z
dc.date.issued2019-04-09
dc.identifier.citationRadzvilavicius , A L , Stewart , A J & Plotkin , J B 2019 , ' Evolution of empathetic moral evaluation ' , eLife , vol. 8 , e44269 . https://doi.org/10.7554/eLife.44269en
dc.identifier.issn2050-084X
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 272143073
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: aeae1e66-95d7-4c5f-abde-389d3e1af764
dc.identifier.otherPubMed: 30964002
dc.identifier.otherPubMedCentral: PMC6488294
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85065344033
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0001-5234-3871/work/86538492
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10023/21535
dc.descriptionFunding: David and Lucile Packard Foundation, Army Research Office (W911NF-12-R-0012-04).en
dc.description.abstractSocial norms can promote cooperation by assigning reputations to individuals based on their past actions. A good reputation indicates that an individual is likely to reciprocate. A large body of research has established norms of moral assessment that promote cooperation, assuming reputations are objective. But without a centralized institution to provide objective evaluation, opinions about an individual's reputation may differ across a population. In this setting we study the role of empathy-the capacity to form moral evaluations from another person's perspective. We show that empathy tends to foster cooperation by reducing the rate of unjustified defection. The norms of moral evaluation previously considered most socially beneficial depend on high levels of empathy, whereas different norms maximize social welfare in populations incapable of empathy. Finally, we show that empathy itself can evolve through social contagion. We conclude that a capacity for empathy is a key component for sustaining cooperation in societies.
dc.format.extent17
dc.language.isoeng
dc.relation.ispartofeLifeen
dc.rightsCopyright © 2019, Radzvilavicius et al. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use and redistribution provided that the original author and source are credited.en
dc.subjectCooperative Behavioren
dc.subjectEmpathyen
dc.subjectHumansen
dc.subjectModels, Psychologicalen
dc.subjectMoralsen
dc.subjectSocial Normsen
dc.subjectGN Anthropologyen
dc.subjectQH301 Biologyen
dc.subjectT-NDASen
dc.subject.lccGNen
dc.subject.lccQH301en
dc.titleEvolution of empathetic moral evaluationen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.description.versionPublisher PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Applied Mathematicsen
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.7554/eLife.44269
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden


This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record