Show simple item record

Files in this item


Item metadata

dc.contributor.authorEadie, Ewan
dc.contributor.authorBarnard, Isla M.R.
dc.contributor.authorIbbotson, Sally H.
dc.contributor.authorWood, Kenneth
dc.identifier.citationEadie , E , Barnard , I M R , Ibbotson , S H & Wood , K 2021 , ' Extreme exposure to filtered far-UVC : a case study ' , Photochemistry and Photobiology , vol. Early view .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 272465816
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 7691add7-e031-4920-97e5-a8af5320bbfa
dc.identifier.otherRIS: urn:C3EBADE74FECE1B3F0D3A0D91DEB73CC
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85100354686
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000614190200001
dc.description.abstractFar-UVC devices are being commercially sold as "safe for humans" for the inactivation of SARS-CoV-2, without supporting human safety data. We felt there was a need for rapid proof-of-concept human self-exposure, to inform future controlled research and promote informed discussion. A Fitzpatrick Skin Type II individual exposed their inner forearms to large radiant exposures from a filtered Krypton-Chloride (KrCl) far-UVC system (SafeZoneUVC, Ushio Inc., Tokyo, Japan) with peak emission at 222 nm. No visible skin changes were observed at 1,500 mJcm-2, whereas skin yellowing that appeared immediately and resolved within 24 hours occurred with a 6,000 mJcm-2 exposure. No erythema was observed at any time point with exposures up to 18,000 mJcm-2. These results combined with Monte Carlo Radiative Transfer computer modelling suggest that filtering longer ultraviolet wavelengths is critical for the human skin safety of far-UVC devices. This work also contributes to growing arguments for the exploration of exposure limit expansion, which would subsequently enable faster inactivation of viruses.
dc.relation.ispartofPhotochemistry and Photobiologyen
dc.rightsCopyright © 2021 The Authors. Photochemistry and Photobiology published by Wiley Period-icals LLC on behalf of American Society for PhotobiologyThis is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons AttributionLicense, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, providedthe original work is properly cited.en
dc.subjectRL Dermatologyen
dc.titleExtreme exposure to filtered far-UVC : a case studyen
dc.typeJournal itemen
dc.description.versionPublisher PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.School of Physics and Astronomyen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Centre for Biophotonicsen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record