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dc.contributor.authorvan Ham, Maarten
dc.contributor.authorUesugi, Masaya
dc.contributor.authorTammaru, Tiit
dc.contributor.authorManley, David
dc.contributor.authorJanssen, Heleen
dc.identifier.citationvan Ham , M , Uesugi , M , Tammaru , T , Manley , D & Janssen , H 2020 , ' Changing occupational structures and residential segregation in New York, London and Tokyo ' , Nature Human Behaviour .
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0002-2106-0702/work/79226764
dc.descriptionThe research leading to these results has received funding from the European Research Council under the European Union's Seventh Framework Program (FP/2007-2013) / ERC Grant Agreement n. 615159 (ERC Consolidator Grant DEPRIVEDHOODS, Socio-spatial inequality, deprived neighbourhoods, and neighbourhood effects), from the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science KAKENHI Grant Number JP17K13584, from the Estonian Research Council (PUT PRG306, Infotechnological Mobility Laboratory, RITA-Ränne), and from TU Delft (visiting professorship of Tiit Tammaru).en
dc.description.abstractBased on data from the 1980s, Sassen’s influential book ‘The Global City’ interrogated how changes in the occupational structure affect socio-economic residential segregation in global cities. Here, using data for New York City, London and Tokyo, we reframe and answer this question for recent decades. Our analysis shows an increase in the share of high-income occupations, accompanied by a fall in low-income occupations in all three cities, providing strong evidence for a consistent trend of professionalization of the workforce. Segregation was highest in New York and lowest in Tokyo. In New York and London, individuals in high-income occupations are concentrating in the city centre, while low-income occupations are pushed to urban peripheries. Professionalization of the workforce is accompanied by reduced levels of segregation by income, and two ongoing megatrends in urban change: gentrification of inner-city neighbourhoods and suburbanization of poverty, with larger changes in the social geography than in levels of segregation.
dc.relation.ispartofNature Human Behaviouren
dc.subjectG Geography (General)en
dc.subjectHM Sociologyen
dc.subjectSDG 11 - Sustainable Cities and Communitiesen
dc.titleChanging occupational structures and residential segregation in New York, London and Tokyoen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.contributor.sponsorEuropean Research Councilen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Population and Health Researchen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. School of Geography & Sustainable Developmenten
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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