The validity of two-dimensional models of a rotating shallow ﬂuid layer
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We investigate the validity and accuracy of two commonly used two-dimensional models of a rotating, incompressible, shallow fluid layer: the shallow-water (SW) model and the Serre/Green–Naghdi (GN) model. The models differ in just one respect: the SW model imposes the hydrostatic approximation while the GN model does not. Both models assume the horizontal velocity is independent of height throughout the layer. We compare these models with their parent three-dimensional (3-D) model, initialised with a height-independent horizontal velocity, and with a mean height small compared to the domain width. For small to moderate Rossby and Froude numbers, we verify that both models well approximate the vertically averaged 3-D flow. Overall, the GN model is found to be substantially more accurate than the SW model. However, this accuracy is only achieved using an explicit reformulation of the equations in which the vertically integrated non-hydrostatic pressure is found from a novel linear elliptic equation. This reformulation is shown to extend straightforwardly to multi-layer flows having uniform density layers.
Dritschel , D G & Jalali , M R 2020 , ' The validity of two-dimensional models of a rotating shallow ﬂuid layer ' , Journal of Fluid Mechanics , vol. 900 , A33 . https://doi.org/10.1017/jfm.2020.487
Journal of Fluid Mechanics
Copyright © The Author(s), 2020. Published by Cambridge University Press. This work has been made available online in accordance with publisher policies or with permission. Permission for further reuse of this content should be sought from the publisher or the rights holder. This is the author created accepted manuscript following peer review and may differ slightly from the final published version. The final published version of this work is available at https://doi.org/10.1017/jfm.2020.487
DescriptionFunding: Support for this research has come from the UK Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (grant no. EP/H001794/1).
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