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dc.contributor.authorMacLean, Simon
dc.identifier.citationMacLean , S 2020 , ' The Edict of Pîtres, Carolingian defence against the Vikings, and the origins of the medieval castle ' , Transactions of the Royal Historical Society , vol. 30 , pp. 29-54 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 264268574
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 2a2e43cb-41aa-45a3-821f-24c978cd04f3
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0002-3543-7734/work/83481360
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85095982303
dc.description.abstractThe castle was one of the most characteristic features of the western European landscape in the Middle Ages, dominating social and political order from the eleventh century onwards. The origins of the castle are generally assigned to the ninth and tenth centuries, and the standard story begins with the defensive fortifications established against the Vikings during the reign of the West Frankish king Charles the Bald (843–77). In this article I argue that there are serious problems with this origin story, by re-evaluating some of the key sources on which it rests – particularly the Edict of Pîtres (864). I seek to demonstrate that my analysis of this source has important implications for how we think about the relationship between fortifications and the state in the Carolingian Empire; and by extension the evolution of the castle in north-western Europe between the ninth and twelfth centuries.
dc.relation.ispartofTransactions of the Royal Historical Societyen
dc.rightsCopyright © 2020 the Author(s). Published by Cambridge University Press on behalf of the Royal Historical Society. This work has been made available online in accordance with publisher policies or with permission. Permission for further reuse of this content should be sought from the publisher or the rights holder. This is the author created accepted manuscript following peer review and may differ slightly from the final published version. The final published version of this work is available at
dc.subjectD111 Medieval Historyen
dc.titleThe Edict of Pîtres, Carolingian defence against the Vikings, and the origins of the medieval castleen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.School of Historyen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Centre for Late Antique Studiesen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.St Andrews Institute of Medieval Studiesen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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