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dc.contributor.authorOcchibove, Flavia
dc.contributor.authorChapman, Daniel S.
dc.contributor.authorMastin, Alexander J.
dc.contributor.authorParnell, Stephen S.R.
dc.contributor.authorAgstner, Barbara
dc.contributor.authorMato-Amboage, Rosa
dc.contributor.authorJones, Glyn
dc.contributor.authorDunn, Michael
dc.contributor.authorPollard, Chris R.J.
dc.contributor.authorRobinson, James S.
dc.contributor.authorMarzano, Mariella
dc.contributor.authorDavies, Althea L.
dc.contributor.authorWhite, Rehema M.
dc.contributor.authorFearne, Andrew
dc.contributor.authorWhite, Steven M.
dc.identifier.citationOcchibove , F , Chapman , D S , Mastin , A J , Parnell , S S R , Agstner , B , Mato-Amboage , R , Jones , G , Dunn , M , Pollard , C R J , Robinson , J S , Marzano , M , Davies , A L , White , R M , Fearne , A & White , S M 2020 , ' Eco-epidemiological uncertainties of emerging plant diseases : the challenge of predicting Xylella fastidiosa dynamics in novel environments ' , Phytopathology , vol. 110 , no. 11 , pp. 1740-1750 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 271189136
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 174073d7-5d07-4379-b674-fec1868c72f5
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85094983406
dc.identifier.otherPubMed: 32954988
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000589975100001
dc.descriptionSupport was provided by the BRIGIT project by UK Research and Innovation through the Strategic Priorities Fund, by a grant from Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council, with support from the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs and the Scottish Government (BB/S016325/1). Additional funding was provided by the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Programme under grant agreement number 727987–XF-ACTORS “Xylella Fastidiosa Active Containment Through a Multidisciplinary-Oriented Research Strategy” and grant agreement number 734353–CURE-XF “Capacity Building and Raising Awareness in Europe and in Third Countries to Cope with Xylella fastidiosa.”en
dc.description.abstractIn order to prevent and control the emergence of biosecurity threats such as vector-borne diseases of plants, it is vital to understand drivers of entry, establishment, and spatiotemporal spread, as well as the form, timing, and effectiveness of disease management strategies. An inherent challenge for policy in combatting emerging disease is the uncertainty associated with intervention planning in areas not yet affected, based on models and data from current outbreaks. Following the recent high-profile emergence of the bacterium Xylella fastidiosa in a number of European countries, we review the most pertinent epidemiological uncertainties concerning the dynamics of this bacterium in novel environments. To reduce the considerable ecological and socio-economic impacts of these outbreaks, eco-epidemiological research in a broader range of environmental conditions needs to be conducted and used to inform policy to enhance disease risk assessment, and support successful policy-making decisions. By characterizing infection pathways, we can highlight the uncertainties that surround our knowledge of this disease, drawing attention to how these are amplified when trying to predict and manage outbreaks in currently unaffected locations. To help guide future research and decision-making processes, we invited experts in different fields of plant pathology to identify data to prioritize when developing pest risk assessments. Our analysis revealed that epidemiological uncertainty is mainly driven by the large variety of hosts, vectors, and bacterial strains, leading to a range of different epidemiological characteristics further magnified by novel environmental conditions. These results offer new insights on how eco-epidemiological analyses can enhance understanding of plant disease spread and support management recommendations.
dc.rightsCopyright © 2020 The Author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY 4.0 International license.en
dc.subjectBacterial pathogensen
dc.subjectDisease control and pest managementen
dc.subjectEmerging infectious plant diseaseen
dc.subjectEpidemiological modelen
dc.subjectPest risk assessmenten
dc.subjectPlant healthen
dc.subjectXylella fastidiosaen
dc.subjectQK Botanyen
dc.subjectAgronomy and Crop Scienceen
dc.subjectPlant Scienceen
dc.titleEco-epidemiological uncertainties of emerging plant diseases : the challenge of predicting Xylella fastidiosa dynamics in novel environmentsen
dc.typeJournal itemen
dc.description.versionPublisher PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.School of Geography & Sustainable Developmenten
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Geographies of Sustainability, Society, Inequalities and Possibilitiesen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Environmental Change Research Groupen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Centre for Higher Education Researchen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Scottish Oceans Instituteen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.St Andrews Sustainability Instituteen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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