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dc.contributor.authorHope, J.A
dc.contributor.authorPaterson, D.M
dc.contributor.authorThrush, S.F
dc.identifier.citationHope , J A , Paterson , D M & Thrush , S F 2019 , ' The role of microphytobenthos in soft-sediment ecological networks and their contribution to the delivery of multiple ecosystem services ' , Journal of Ecology , vol. Early View .
dc.identifier.otherRIS: urn:4BE8429D39CC12B120D1CCBF9ACC3608
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0003-1174-6476/work/66591819
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0001-6165-230X/work/140361423
dc.descriptionJAH received funding from The Oceans of Change Project. DMP received funding from the MASTS pooling initiative (The Marine Alliance for Science and Technology for Scotland) and their support is gratefully acknowledged. MASTS is funded by the Scottish Funding Council (grant reference HR09011) and contributing institutions".en
dc.description.abstract1. Sediment dwelling, microscopic primary producers, that occupy sediments in the photic zone, are commonly referred to as microphytobenthos (MPB). The MPB are essential components of soft‐sediment systems, but are often overlooked when assessing coastal ecosystem functionality and service delivery. 2. The MPB are involved in several complex interactions and feedback that underpin the delivery of vital ecosystem services. MPB profoundly influence the flow and cycling of carbon and nutrients, such as nitrogen, directly and indirectly underpinning highly productive shallow water marine food webs. The MPB can also stabilize sediments through the formation of biofilms, and significantly improve water quality by mediating the benthic–pelagic coupling of nutrients, sediment and pollutants. 3.The functional role of the MPB is compromised by increasing anthropogenic pressures such as nutrient enrichment, sedimentation, herbicides and emerging contaminants such as microplastic pollution. However, MPB are extremely good at buffering the effects of these land‐sourced stressors at the interface between land and sea. 4. Synthesis. Society often appreciates the final provisioning of goods and services from our coastal marine environments. However, provisioning services are only possible due to the multitude of supporting and regulating services that underpin them. Microphytobenthos (MPB) are central to benthic ecological networks, and contribute to ecosystem service delivery through various pathways. Understanding the critical role of MPB in complex networks is therefore essential to appreciate their importance in ecosystem function and service delivery into the future.
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Ecologyen
dc.subjectBenthic microalgaeen
dc.subjectEcosystem servicesen
dc.subjectEstuarine systemsen
dc.subjectService deliveryen
dc.subjectSoft-sediment ecologyen
dc.subjectQH301 Biologyen
dc.subjectSDG 14 - Life Below Wateren
dc.subjectSDG 15 - Life on Landen
dc.titleThe role of microphytobenthos in soft-sediment ecological networks and their contribution to the delivery of multiple ecosystem servicesen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. School of Biologyen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Scottish Oceans Instituteen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. St Andrews Sustainability Instituteen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Coastal Resources Management Groupen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Sediment Ecology Research Groupen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Marine Alliance for Science & Technology Scotlanden
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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