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dc.contributor.authorPicchioni, Fiorella
dc.contributor.authorWarren, Geoffrey P.
dc.contributor.authorLambert, Smilja
dc.contributor.authorBalcombe, Kelvin
dc.contributor.authorRobinson, J. Steve
dc.contributor.authorSrinivasan, Chittur
dc.contributor.authorD. Gomez, Leonardo
dc.contributor.authorFaas, Laura
dc.contributor.authorWestwood, Nicholas J.
dc.contributor.authorChatzifragkou, Afroditi
dc.contributor.authorCharalampopoulos, Dimitris
dc.contributor.authorShaw, Liz J.
dc.date.accessioned2020-11-06T09:30:08Z
dc.date.available2020-11-06T09:30:08Z
dc.date.issued2020-10-28
dc.identifier.citationPicchioni , F , Warren , G P , Lambert , S , Balcombe , K , Robinson , J S , Srinivasan , C , D. Gomez , L , Faas , L , Westwood , N J , Chatzifragkou , A , Charalampopoulos , D & Shaw , L J 2020 , ' Valorisation of natural resources and the need for economic and sustainability assessment : the case of cocoa pod husk in Indonesia ' , Sustainability , vol. 12 , no. 21 , 8962 . https://doi.org/10.3390/su12218962en
dc.identifier.issn2071-1050
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 271086516
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: d7ea637f-0366-42ac-8e4f-1bf2d4b028d3
dc.identifier.otherJisc: 0e6daf0be819461a88879a2d7707f4f0
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85094595927
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0003-0630-0138/work/83085809
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000589257500001
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10023/20914
dc.descriptionThe authors would like to acknowledge the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) and Mars Wrigley Confectionery for their financial support on a collaborative Global Challenges Research Fund (GCRF) project entitled “Development of novel value chain from cocoa pod husks in Indonesia: Technological, environmental and socio-economic challenges of a value chain” (BB/P022995/1).en
dc.description.abstractThe uptake of innovative technologies and practices in agriculture aimed at the valorisation of natural resources can be scant in Low and Middle Income Countries (LMICs). Integration of financial viability assessments with farmers and environmental evaluations can help to understand some aspects of the low uptakes of innovations. Using the case study of Cocoa Pod Husk (CPH) valorisation in Indonesia, we provide insights into (i) a choice modelling method to assess the economic viability of CPH valorisation and (ii) an agronomic trial assessing the consequences on soil quality of diverting CPH from its role as a natural fertilizer. The economic viability assessment suggested that farmers require higher levels of compensation than might be expected to collect or process CPH (a small proportion of farmers would undertake all processing activities for 117 GBP/t CPH). The agronomic trial concluded that CPH plays only a minor role in the maintenance of soil phosphorus, calcium and magnesium, but it plays an important role for crop potassium. CPH removal would reduce the partial balances for carbon and nitrogen by 15.6% and 19.6%, respectively. Diversion of CPH from current practices should consider the long-term effects on soil quality, especially because it might create increased reliance on mineral fertilizers.
dc.format.extent16
dc.language.isoeng
dc.relation.ispartofSustainabilityen
dc.rightsCopyright © 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).en
dc.subjectCocoa pod husk (CPH)en
dc.subjectValorisationen
dc.subjectChoice experimenten
dc.subjectSoil qualityen
dc.subjectSoil carbonen
dc.subjectSoil nutrientsen
dc.subjectQD Chemistryen
dc.subjectNDASen
dc.subject.lccQDen
dc.titleValorisation of natural resources and the need for economic and sustainability assessment : the case of cocoa pod husk in Indonesiaen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.description.versionPublisher PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Biomedical Sciences Research Complexen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.School of Chemistryen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.EaSTCHEMen
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.3390/su12218962
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden


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