The duplicity of the European Union Common Fisheries Policy in third countries : evidence from the Gulf of Guinea
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The 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) espouses the significance of fisheries and their contribution to food and economic security globally. It emphasises the need for the conservation of the ocean and the integrity of marine resources in the interest of future generations. Demonstrating an understanding of the need to implement the UNCLOS, the European Union (EU) introduced a Common Fisheries Policy (CFP) in 1983, later revised in 2013 effective from 2014. This paper discusses how the implementation of the EU's CFP is undermining the long-term food and economic security of highly vulnerable regions such as West and Central Africa. Focusing on examples from Liberia and Guinea Bissau, the paper elaborates further on how the EU fisheries subsidies, which are central to its Sustainable Fisheries Partnership Agreements (SFPA) with third countries, contradict the provisions of its CFP, as they continue to target fully exploited and overexploited species notwitstanding the declared commitment to sustainability. The current paper also provides evidence that uncovers the EU's selective application of its own regulations on preventing Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) fishing thereby illuminating the extent of its duplicity.
Okafor-Yarwood , I & Belhabib , D 2020 , ' The duplicity of the European Union Common Fisheries Policy in third countries : evidence from the Gulf of Guinea ' , Ocean and Coastal Management , vol. 184 , 104953 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2019.104953
Ocean and Coastal Management
Copyright © 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. This work has been made available online in accordance with publisher policies or with permission. Permission for further reuse of this content should be sought from the publisher or the rights holder. This is the author created accepted manuscript following peer review and may differ slightly from the final published version. The final published version of this work is available at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2019.104953
DescriptionBelhabib would like to thank I-Sea Fisheries Project at Ecotrust Canada, funded by the Paul M. Angell Family Foundation.
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