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dc.contributor.authorPummer, Theron Gene
dc.contributor.authorCrisp, Roger
dc.identifier.citationPummer , T G & Crisp , R 2019 , ' Rescue and personal involvement : a response to Woollard ' , Analysis , vol. Advance articles , anz052 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 259330926
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: a688a601-58c9-4803-99e9-d2b0b87ee589
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0003-0147-9917/work/69029348
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000550146300008
dc.description.abstractFiona Woollard argues that when one is personally involved in an emergency, one has a moral requirement to make substantial sacrifices to aid others that one would not otherwise have. She holds that there are three ways in which one could be personally involved in an emergency: by being physically proximate to the victims of the emergency; by being the only person who can help the victims; or by having a personal encounter with the victims. Each of these factors is claimed to be defeasibly sufficient to ground personal involvement, and thus a requirement of substantial sacrifice to aid. Woollard defends this view on the basis of a number of cases. We show that Woollard's cases contain various confounding factors. In view of the more precisely drawn cases offered here, it is clear that neither proximity nor uniqueness nor personal encounter is intuitively defeasibly sufficient in the way Woollard claims.
dc.rights© The Author(s) 2019. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Analysis Trust. This work has been made available online in accordance with publisher policies or with permission. Permission for further reuse of this content should be sought from the publisher or the rights holder. This is the author created accepted manuscript following peer review and may differ slightly from the final published version. The final published version of this work is available at:
dc.subjectBJ Ethicsen
dc.titleRescue and personal involvement : a response to Woollarden
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Philosophyen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Centre for the Study of Philanthropy & Public Gooden
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Centre for Ethics, Philosophy and Public Affairsen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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