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dc.contributor.authorTrindade Santos, Isaac
dc.contributor.authorMoyes, Faye Helen
dc.contributor.authorMagurran, Anne
dc.identifier.citationTrindade Santos , I , Moyes , F H & Magurran , A 2020 , ' Global change in the functional diversity of marine fisheries exploitation over the past 65 years ' , Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences , vol. 287 , no. 1933 , 20200889 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 269824586
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 730897d6-212b-41f1-919f-124bb8535e77
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85089646063
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0002-0036-2795/work/79564839
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0001-9687-0593/work/79564858
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000563925900018
dc.descriptionFunding: CAPES (Coordination for the Improvement of Higher Education Personnel), process number: #88881.129579/2016–01 (Finance Code 001). A.E.M. and F.M.thank the ERC (ERC AdG BioTIME 250189 and ERC PoC BioCHANGE 727440) and the Leverhulme Trust (RPG-2019–402) for support.en
dc.description.abstractOverexploitation is recognized as one of the main threats to global biodiversity. Here, we report a widespread change in the functional diversity of fisheries catches from the large marine ecosystems (LMEs) of the world over the past 65 years (1950 to 2014). The spatial and temporal trends of functional diversity exploited from the LMEs were calculated using global reconstructed marine fisheries catch data provided by the Sea Around Us initiative (including subsistence, artisanal, recreational, industrial fisheries, and discards) and functional trait data available in FishBase. Our analyses uncovered a substantial increase in the functional richness of both ray-finned fishes (80% of LMEs) and cartilaginous species (sharks and rays) (75% of LMESs), in line with an increase in the taxonomic richness, extracted from these ecosystems. The functional evenness and functional divergence of these catches have also altered substantially over the time span of this study, with considerable geographic variation in the patterns detected. These trends show that global fisheries are increasingly targeting species that play diverse roles within the marine ecosystem and underline the importance of incorporating functional diversity in ecosystem management.
dc.relation.ispartofProceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciencesen
dc.rightsCopyright © 2020 the Author(s). Published by the Royal Society. All rights reserved. This work has been made available online in accordance with publisher policies or with permission. Permission for further reuse of this content should be sought from the publisher or the rights holder. This is the author created accepted manuscript following peer review and may differ slightly from the final published version. The final published version of this work is available at
dc.subjectLarge marine ecosystemsen
dc.subjectFisheries managementen
dc.subjectGC Oceanographyen
dc.subjectQH301 Biologyen
dc.subjectSH Aquaculture. Fisheries. Anglingen
dc.titleGlobal change in the functional diversity of marine fisheries exploitation over the past 65 yearsen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.School of Biologyen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Centre for Biological Diversityen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Marine Alliance for Science & Technology Scotlanden
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Scottish Oceans Instituteen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Institute of Behavioural and Neural Sciencesen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.St Andrews Sustainability Instituteen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Fish Behaviour and Biodiversity Research Groupen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Centre for Research into Ecological & Environmental Modellingen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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