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dc.contributor.authorHarkness, Kristen Angela
dc.contributor.authorDe Vore, Marc Ronald
dc.identifier.citationHarkness , K A & De Vore , M R 2021 , ' Teaching the military and revolutions : simulating civil-military relations during mass uprisings ' , PS: Political Science & Politics , vol. 54 , no. 2 , pp. 315 - 320 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 266678453
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: f136108b-b12d-44b9-9e01-3cf6bc1304c2
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0001-5882-3745/work/79564863
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85092417678
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000627874100027
dc.description.abstractDuring revolutions, strategic interactions between civilian policymakers, armed forces, and opposition groups shape political outcomes, most importantly whether a regime stands or falls. Students from advanced industrial democracies frequently find such dynamics counterintuitive, even after completing readings and engaging in traditional instruction methods. We therefore sought to improve pedagogical outcomes by designing a simulation based on the scenarios akin to those witnessed during the Arab Spring (2011) and Ukraine’s Euromaidan (2013) Revolution. To this end, we divided students into four teams, representing: the regime, the armed forces, and two distinct groups of anti-regime dissidents. Rule sets were designed to incorporate the best recent scholarship on each category of actors’ behavior, such as military units’ probability of defecting to protestors and riot polices’ ability to repress urban uprisings. By forcing student teams to make decisions under time pressure we obliged them to wrestle with the uncertainties and fears of betrayal inherent in complex civil-military emergencies.
dc.relation.ispartofPS: Political Science & Politicsen
dc.rightsCopyright © 2020 the Author(s). Published by Cambridge University Press on behalf of the American Political Science Association. This work has been made available online in accordance with publisher policies or with permission. Permission for further reuse of this content should be sought from the publisher or the rights holder. This is the author created accepted manuscript following peer review and may differ slightly from the final published version. The final published version of this work is available at
dc.subjectJZ International relationsen
dc.subjectU Military Scienceen
dc.titleTeaching the military and revolutions : simulating civil-military relations during mass uprisingsen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.School of International Relationsen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Centre for Higher Education Researchen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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