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dc.contributor.authorHorvat, C.
dc.contributor.authorFlocco, D.
dc.contributor.authorRees Jones, D.W.
dc.contributor.authorRoach, L.
dc.contributor.authorGolden, K.M.
dc.identifier.citationHorvat , C , Flocco , D , Rees Jones , D W , Roach , L & Golden , K M 2020 , ' The effect of melt pond geometry on the distribution of solar energy under first-year sea ice ' , Geophysical Research Letters , vol. 47 , no. 4 , e2019GL085956 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 266431715
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: ed8332e1-5cb6-46c5-bf5a-4273e3990435
dc.identifier.otherBibtex: doi:10.1029/2019GL085956
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0001-8698-401X/work/69463630
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85081091735
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000529120100048
dc.descriptionCH was supported by the NOAA Climate and Global Change Postdoctoral Fellowship Program, sponsored in part through cooperative agreement number NA16NWS4620043, Years 2017–2021, with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce. K.M.G. acknowledges support from the the Applied and Computational Analysis Program and the Arctic and Global Prediction Program at the US Office of Naval Research through grants N00014-13-10291, N00014-15-1-2455, N00014-18-1-2041, and N00014-18-1-2552, as well as support from the Division of Mathematical Sciences and the Division of Polar Programs at the U.S. National Science Foundation through Grants DMS-0940249, DMS-1413454, and DMS-1715680. LR was supported by Marsden contract VUW1408 and the Deep South National Science Challenge.en
dc.description.abstractSea ice plays a critical role in the climate system through its albedo, which constrains light transmission into the upper ocean. In spring and summer, light transmission through sea ice is influenced by its iconic blue melt ponds, which significantly reduce surface albedo. We show that the geometry of surface melt ponds plays an important role in the partitioning of instantaneous solar radiation under sea ice by modeling the three-dimensional light field under ponded sea ice. We find that aggregate properties of the instantaneous sub-ice light field, such as the enhancement of available solar energy under bare ice regions, can be described using a new parameter closely related to pond fractal geometry. We then explore the influence of pond geometry on the ecological and thermodynamic sea-ice processes that depend on solar radiation.
dc.relation.ispartofGeophysical Research Lettersen
dc.rightsCopyright © 2020 American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved. This work has been made available online in accordance with publisher policies or with permission. Permission for further reuse of this content should be sought from the publisher or the rights holder. This is the final published version of the work, which was originally published at
dc.subjectMelt pondsen
dc.subjectSea iceen
dc.subjectPhytoplankton bloomsen
dc.subjectFractal geometryen
dc.subjectGE Environmental Sciencesen
dc.subjectQA Mathematicsen
dc.subjectSDG 13 - Climate Actionen
dc.titleThe effect of melt pond geometry on the distribution of solar energy under first-year sea iceen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.description.versionPublisher PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Applied Mathematicsen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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