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dc.contributor.advisorRice, Tom
dc.contributor.advisorRaychaudhuri, Anindya
dc.contributor.authorSen, Sanghita
dc.coverage.spatialiii, 317 p.en_US
dc.description.abstractIn this thesis I focus on the cultural politics and film practices of Ritwik Ghatak, Mrinal Sen, and Satyajit Ray in the long 1960s, with the aim of recovering Indian political cinema as Third Cinema practice. I posit the contexts that motivated the radicalisation of their cinema in the 1970s, as an act of counter-Establishment political resistance itself. I use Third Cinema, as a practice and framework, to contextualise and understand Indian political cinema. The prevalence of an auteurist approach in scholarly work has overshadowed the political, intellectual, collective, and emancipatory aspects of these filmmakers’ practices, which my thesis foregrounds. The thesis further argues that Third Cinema is not just an aesthetic choice or film style, but also a praxis and critical framework driven by decolonisation, anti-capitalism, and anti-imperialism. Based on this hypothesis, I argue that Third Cinema can potentially be practiced in any context across geopolitical boundaries, given its emancipatory nature focusing on decolonising culture. However, this connection has so far been critically disregarded both by scholars of Indian cinema and Third Cinema across the world. Most discussions of Third Cinema are restricted to Latin America with occasional reference to African and other ‘minor’ cinemas. The objective of my research is to extend both the canon and discourse of Third Cinema beyond Latin America to engage with contexts previously unnoticed. My thesis does this by situating Indian political cinema in the milieu of Transnational Third Cinema and by including critical writings and film manifestoes from India. Restoring Ghatak, Sen, and Ray’s filmmaking practices within Third Cinema discourse not just recovers them as Third Cinema practitioners but also strengthens Third Cinema as a rigorous critical framework.en_US
dc.description.sponsorship"My research was supported by Postgraduate Research Scholarship offered by the School of Philosophical, Anthropological, and Film Studies, University of St Andrews; St Leonard’s Scholarship; Scotland’s Saltire Scholarship. The field work was supported by the Travel Grant from the Russell Trust Postgraduate Scholarship 2016-17."-- Fundingen
dc.publisherUniversity of St Andrews
dc.subjectIndian political cinemaen_US
dc.subjectThird Cinemaen_US
dc.subjectRadical cinemaen_US
dc.subjectLong 1960s political upheavalen_US
dc.subjectFilm historyen_US
dc.subjectBrechtian aestheticsen_US
dc.subject.lcshGhatak, Ritwikkumar, 1925-1976--Criticism and interpretationen
dc.subject.lcshSen, Mrinal, 1923-2018--Criticism and interpretationen
dc.subject.lcshRay, Satyajit, 1921-1992--Criticism and interpretationen
dc.subject.lcshMotion pictures--India--20th century--History and criticismen
dc.subject.lcshMotion pictures--India--Political aspectsen
dc.titleRecovering Indian Third Cinema practice : a study of the 1970s films of Ritwik Ghatak, Mrinal Sen, and Satyajit Rayen_US
dc.contributor.sponsorUniversity of St Andrews. School of Philosophical, Anthropological and Film Studies. Postgraduate Research Scholarshipen_US
dc.contributor.sponsorUniversity of St Andrews. St Leonard's College Scholarshipen_US
dc.contributor.sponsorScotland's Saltire Scholarships (SSS)en_US
dc.contributor.sponsorRussell Trust. Postgraduate Scholarshipen_US
dc.type.qualificationnamePhD Doctor of Philosophyen_US
dc.publisher.institutionThe University of St Andrewsen_US
dc.rights.embargoreasonThesis restricted in accordance with University regulations. Electronic copy restricted until 12th June 2025en

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