Neoarchean and Paleoproterozoic K-rich granites in the Phan Si Pan Complex, north Vietnam : constraints on the early crustal evolution of the Yangtze Block
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Precambrian igneous and metamorphic rocks of the Phan Si Pan Complex, North Vietnam, constitute the southern extension of the Yangtze Block, and provide a valuable record of the early evolution of the continental crust. We present results of U-Pb zircon geochronology and geochemistry for Precambrian granites in this complex to constrain their emplacement age and genesis. Granites from three plutonic bodies yielded ages of 2848 ± 15 Ma, 2768 ± 19 Ma and 1869 ± 30 Ma, which represent newly-recognized late Archean to Paleoproterozoic potassic granite plutonism in the southern Yangtze Block. The average εHf(t) values range from −6.2 to 0.1 for the 2.85–2.77 Ga granitic rocks and -13.1 to -9.2 for the ca. 1.86 Ga granitic rocks, with two-stage model ages of 3.64 to 3.20 Ga and 3.31 to 3.07 Ga, respectively, suggesting derivation from partial melting of Paleoarchean and Mesoarchean crust. The late Archean potassic granites exhibit high K2O, and high Sr/Y and (La/Yb)N ratios with negligible Eu anomalies, indicating derivation from melting of the thickened lower crust, which is inferred to have occurred in an active margin setting. The late Paleoproterozoic alkali feldspar granites are characterized by high FeOT/(FeOT + MgO)(0.96–0.99) and 10000∗Ga/Al (2.75–2.94) ratios, showing an affinity of A-type granite. These A-type granites exhibit flat chondrite-normalized HREE patterns and strong negative Eu anomalies, and low Sr/Y and (La/Yb)N ratios, corresponding to melting at a shallow depth, probably in a post-collisional extension setting. Comparison of the rock units and events recorded by the Phan Si Pan complex with other Archean to Paleoproterozoic complexes (Houhe, Dongchuan, Yudongzi, Douling, Zhongxiang and Kongling complexes) in the Yangtze Block indicate spatially distinct histories of crustal growth, and thus may reflect independent terranes. The ca. 1.86 Ga post-collisional magmatism, which succeeds a 2.0–1.9 Ga metamorphic event, is distributed throughout the Yangtze Block, including the Phan Si Pan Complex, suggesting assembly of the disparate terranes and final cratonization of the Yangtze Block overlaps with, and may be related to, assembly of the Nuna supercontinent.
Zhao , T , Cawood , P A , Wang , K , Zi , J-W , Feng , Q , Nguyen , Q M & Tran , D M 2019 , ' Neoarchean and Paleoproterozoic K-rich granites in the Phan Si Pan Complex, north Vietnam : constraints on the early crustal evolution of the Yangtze Block ' , Precambrian Research , vol. 332 , 105395 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.precamres.2019.105395
Copyright © 2019 Published by Elsevier B.V. This work is made available online in accordance with the publisher’s policies. This is the author created, accepted version manuscript following peer review and may differ slightly from the final published version. The final published version of this work is available at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.precamres.2019.105395
DescriptionThis study was financially supported by projects from the China Natural Science Foundation (41672222) and State Key Laboratory of Geological Process and Mineral Resources, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan (MSFGPMR201802). PAC acknowledges support from Australian Research Council grant FL160100168. This study was also supported by the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of Vietnam, Project BĐKH.29/16-20 to Dung My Tran.
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