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dc.contributor.authorDeVore, Marc R.
dc.identifier.citationDeVore , M R 2019 , ' Producing airpower : the rise and fall of neo-liberalism’s defence agenda ' , New Political Economy , vol. 24 , no. 6 , pp. 873-891 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 256979632
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: dc7bd3f7-114b-4db6-a0e4-b3b6a8cc8607
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85060190575
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000486315500007
dc.description.abstractNeo-liberalism stands out as one of the most potent contemporary political philosophies. Neo-liberal governments re-fashioned states’ economies and neo-liberal ideas came to dominate international financial organizations. Perhaps nowhere are the challenges of translating neo-liberal theories into policy more apparent than in defence. The existing institutions and practices whereby states produce military power are often anathema to neo-liberal concepts of efficiency. Bureaucratic armed forces and national champion defence firms, within this context, clash with neo-liberalism’s ideological hostility to hierarchical-bureaucratic systems and belief that market mechanisms generate efficiency. Neo-liberal governments therefore developed policies for applying the philosophy’s economic formulae to defence. Two broad categories of reforms—enhancing inter-firm competition for contracts and outsourcing activities to the private sector—emerged as central to the neo-liberal defence agenda. Surprisingly, in light of neo-liberal policies’ adoption by militarily active states, no study has systematically examined these reforms’ content and impact. My article fills this lacuna by examining the state—the United Kingdom—that most consistently enacted neo-liberal defence reforms. To preview the conclusion, neo-liberalism did not prove the panacea that proponents espoused. This agenda’s internal logic nevertheless drove policymakers, from Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher’s regime (1979-90) onwards, to compensate for the negative externalities generated by one set of neo-liberal reforms by introducing further market mechanisms. Neo-liberal policies’ initially disappointing outcomes thus resulted in further neo-liberal reforms rather than a reassessment of the philosophy’s suitability to this domain. Nevertheless, each of the neo-liberal defence agenda’s two pillars suffered from internal contradictions that ultimately stymied their application.
dc.relation.ispartofNew Political Economyen
dc.rightsCopyright © 2019 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. This work has been made available online in accordance with the publisher’s policies. This is the author created accepted version manuscript following peer review and as such may differ slightly from the final published version. The final published version of this work is available at
dc.subjectAir poweren
dc.subjectPolitical economyen
dc.subjectMargaret Thatcheren
dc.subjectCompetition policyen
dc.subjectJC Political theoryen
dc.titleProducing airpower : the rise and fall of neo-liberalism’s defence agendaen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.School of International Relationsen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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