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dc.contributor.authorMiu, Elena
dc.contributor.authorGulley, Ned
dc.contributor.authorLaland, Kevin N.
dc.contributor.authorRendell, Luke
dc.identifier.citationMiu , E , Gulley , N , Laland , K N & Rendell , L 2020 , ' Flexible learning, rather than inveterate innovation or copying, drives cumulative knowledge gain ' , Science Advances , vol. 6 , no. 23 , eaaz0286 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 269053698
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: d685b5be-0733-4448-a182-a93868049862
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85086627281
dc.identifier.otherPubMed: 32548255
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0002-2457-0900/work/77131138
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0002-1121-9142/work/77132442
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000540787200008
dc.descriptionE.M. was supported by John Templeton Foundation Grant #40128 “Exploring the Evolutionary Foundations of Cultural Complexity, Creativity, and Trust” and the University of St Andrews School of Biology. L.R. was supported by the Marine Alliance for Science and Technology for Scotland (MASTs) pooling initiative funded by the Scottish Funding Council (grant reference HR09011).en
dc.description.abstractHuman technology is characterized by cumulative cultural knowledge gain, yet researchers have limited knowledge of the mix of copying and innovation that maximizes progress. Here, we analyze a unique large-scale dataset originating from collaborative online programming competitions to investigate, in a setting of real-world complexity, how individual differences in innovation, social-information use, and performance generate technological progress. We find that cumulative knowledge gain is primarily driven by pragmatists, willing to copy, innovate, explore, and take risks flexibly, rather than by pure innovators or habitual copiers. Our study also reveals a key role for prestige in information transfer.
dc.relation.ispartofScience Advancesen
dc.rightsCopyright © 2020 The Authors, some rights reserved; exclusive licensee American Association for the Advancement of Science. No claim to original U.S. Government Works. Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (CC BY). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution license, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.en
dc.subjectH Social Sciencesen
dc.titleFlexible learning, rather than inveterate innovation or copying, drives cumulative knowledge gainen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.contributor.sponsorJohn Templeton Foundationen
dc.description.versionPublisher PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. School of Biologyen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Centre for Biological Diversityen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Scottish Oceans Instituteen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Institute of Behavioural and Neural Sciencesen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Centre for Social Learning & Cognitive Evolutionen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Sea Mammal Research Uniten
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Bioacoustics groupen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Marine Alliance for Science & Technology Scotlanden
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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