Sharps injuries during dissection : a five-year retrospective study in the context of safety
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The supplementation of lecture‐based anatomy teaching with laboratory sessions, involving dissection or anatomical specimens, is commonly used. Hands‐on dissection allows students to handle instruments correctly while actively exploring three‐dimensional anatomy. However, dissection carries a potential risk of sharps and splash injuries. The aim of this study was to quantify the frequency rate of such cases per 1,000 student‐hours of dissection and identify potential factors than might influence safety in anatomy laboratories. Data were retrospectively collected from September 2013 to June 2018 at the University of St Andrews, Scotland, UK. Overall, 35 sharps injuries were recorded in undergraduate medical students, with a frequency rate of 0.384 and no splash cases. A statistically significant, moderate negative association between year of study and frequency rate (rho(25) = −0.663; P < 0.001) was noted. A statistically significant difference in the frequency rate between different semester modules (χ2(4) = 13.577, P = 0.009) was observed with the difference being between Year 1 Semester 2 and Year 3 Semester 1 (P = 0.004). The decreasing trend with advancing year of study might be linked to increasing dissecting experience or the surface area of the region dissected. The following factors might have contributed to increased safety influencing frequency rates: single‐handed blade removal systems; mandatory personal protective equipment; and having only one student dissecting at a given time. The authors propose that safety familiarization alongside standardized training and safety measures, as part of an evidence‐based culture shift, will instill safety conscious behaviors and reduce injuries in anatomy laboratories.
Foytl , J , Chisholm , F & Varsou , O 2019 , ' Sharps injuries during dissection : a five-year retrospective study in the context of safety ' , Anatomical Sciences Education , vol. Early View . https://doi.org/10.1002/ase.1894
Anatomical Sciences Education
© 2019, American Association of Anatomists. This work has been made available online in accordance with the publisher’s policies. This is the author created accepted version manuscript following peer review and as such may differ slightly from the final published version. The final published version of this work is available at https://doi.org/10.1002/ase.1894
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