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dc.contributor.authorHoughton, Lucy
dc.contributor.authorRamirez-Martinez, Nadya
dc.contributor.authorMikkelsen, Bjarni
dc.contributor.authorVíkingsson, Gísli
dc.contributor.authorGunnlaugsson, Thorvaldur
dc.contributor.authorØien, Nils
dc.contributor.authorHammond, Philip
dc.date.accessioned2020-05-15T16:30:03Z
dc.date.available2020-05-15T16:30:03Z
dc.date.issued2020-05-06
dc.identifier.citationHoughton , L , Ramirez-Martinez , N , Mikkelsen , B , Víkingsson , G , Gunnlaugsson , T , Øien , N & Hammond , P 2020 , ' Oceanic drivers of sei whale distribution in the North Atlantic ' , NAMMCO Scientific Publications , vol. 11 . https://doi.org/10.7557/3.5211en
dc.identifier.issn1560-2206
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 267963828
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 99a5206d-3f9c-4145-86a0-f1fbc71166e5
dc.identifier.otherRIS: urn:8FC81AB4EA091E37235EF3A4068129F6
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0002-2381-8302/work/74117691
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10023/19951
dc.descriptionNRM was supported by Colciencias (Departamento Administrativo de Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovación, Colombia), the University of St Andrews, and NAMMCO.en
dc.description.abstractThis study investigated the oceanic drivers of sei whale (Balaenoptera borealis) distribution in the central and eastern North Atlantic, and explored how distribution may have changed over almost three decades. Cetacean sightings data were available from Icelandic, Faroese and Norwegian surveys conducted throughout the central and eastern North Atlantic during summer between 1987 and 2015. Effective strip half width was estimated from the data to take account of variation in detection probability. Spatially-referenced environmental variables used as predictors in generalised additive models of sei whale relative density included: relief-related variables seabed depth, slope and aspect; monthly-varying physical oceanographic variables sea surface temperature (SST), mixed layer depth, bottom temperature, salinity, and sea surface height anomaly (SSH); and monthly-varying biological oceanographic variables chlorophyll-a concentration and primary productivity. Preliminary analysis considered which month (March-August) in the dynamic oceanographic variables explained most variability in sei whale density. Models including all variables (“full models”) could only be run for 1998-2015 because data for several variables were missing in earlier years. “Simple models" including only relief-related variables and SST were therefore run for 1987-89, and also for 1998-2015 for comparison. The best-fitting full model for 1998-2015 retained the covariates depth, May SST, May bottom temperature, July salinity, July SSH and July primary productivity. Of these, depth, May SST and July SSH were the strongest predictors of sei whale density. In the simple models for both 1987-89 and 1998-2015, depth (especially), May SST and seabed slope were the strongest predictors of sei whale density. The highest densities of sei whales were predicted in the Irminger Sea and over the Charles-Gibbs Fracture Zone; a pattern driven by large negative SSH, deep water (>1500m) and polar-temperate SST (5-12oC). There was some inter-annual variability in predicted distribution and there appears to be a northward expansion in distribution consistent with prey species responding to ocean warming. The models could be used to predict future distribution of sei whales based on future environmental conditions predicted by climate models.
dc.format.extent10
dc.language.isoeng
dc.relation.ispartofNAMMCO Scientific Publicationsen
dc.rightsCopyright (c) 2020 Philip Hammond. Open Access. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.en
dc.subjectDistributionen
dc.subjectHabitaten
dc.subjectCetacean surveysen
dc.subjectSei whaleen
dc.subjectNorth Atlanticen
dc.subjectGeneralized additive modelsen
dc.subjectPredictive mapsen
dc.subjectQH301 Biologyen
dc.subjectDASen
dc.subject.lccQH301en
dc.titleOceanic drivers of sei whale distribution in the North Atlanticen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.description.versionPublisher PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.School of Biologyen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Sea Mammal Research Uniten
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Scottish Oceans Instituteen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Centre for Research into Ecological & Environmental Modellingen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Marine Alliance for Science & Technology Scotlanden
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.7557/3.5211
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden


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