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dc.contributor.authorFierke, K M
dc.contributor.authorMcKay, Nicola
dc.identifier.citationFierke , K M & McKay , N 2020 , ' To 'see' is to break an entanglement : quantum measurement, trauma and security ' , Security Dialogue , vol. 51 , no. 5 , pp. 450-466 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 262624568
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: c2339b7c-f310-474f-a436-fbcce15cfafc
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85079462946
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000527748000001
dc.description.abstractThis article seeks to explore the quantum notion that to ‘see’ an entanglement is to break it in the context of an ‘experiment’ regarding the ongoing impact of traumatic political memory on the present. The analysis is a product of collaboration over the past four years between the two authors, one a scholar of international relations, the other a therapeutic practitioner with training in medical physics. Our focus is the conceptual claim that ‘seeing’ breaks an entanglement rather than the experiment itself. The first section explores a broad contrast between classical and quantum measurement, asking what this might mean at the macroscopic level. The second section categorizes Wendt’s claim about language as a form of expressive measurement and explores the relationship to discourse analysis. The third section explores the broad contours of our experiment and the role of a somewhat different form of non-linear expressive measurement. In the final section, we elaborate the relationship between redemptive measurement and breaking an entanglement, which involves a form of ‘seeing’ that witnesses to unacknowledged past trauma.
dc.relation.ispartofSecurity Dialogueen
dc.rightsCopyright © The Author(s) 2020. Open Access. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 License ( which permits non-commercial use, reproduction and distribution of the work without further permission provided the original work is attributed as specified on the SAGE and Open Access page (
dc.subjectQuantum measurementen
dc.subjectTransgenerational entanglementen
dc.subjectMemory mappingen
dc.subjectSeen and unseenen
dc.subjectJZ International relationsen
dc.titleTo 'see' is to break an entanglement : quantum measurement, trauma and securityen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.description.versionPublisher PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. School of International Relationsen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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