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dc.contributor.authorHandley, Jonathan M.
dc.contributor.authorPearmain, Elizabeth J.
dc.contributor.authorOppel, Steffen
dc.contributor.authorCarneiro, Ana P. B.
dc.contributor.authorHazin, Carolina
dc.contributor.authorPhillips, Richard A.
dc.contributor.authorRatcliffe, Norman
dc.contributor.authorStaniland, Iain J.
dc.contributor.authorClay, Thomas A.
dc.contributor.authorHall, Jonathan
dc.contributor.authorScheffer, Annette
dc.contributor.authorFedak, Mike
dc.contributor.authorBoehme, Lars
dc.contributor.authorPütz, Klemens
dc.contributor.authorBelchier, Mark
dc.contributor.authorBoyd, Ian L.
dc.contributor.authorTrathan, Phil N.
dc.contributor.authorDias, Maria P.
dc.identifier.citationHandley , J M , Pearmain , E J , Oppel , S , Carneiro , A P B , Hazin , C , Phillips , R A , Ratcliffe , N , Staniland , I J , Clay , T A , Hall , J , Scheffer , A , Fedak , M , Boehme , L , Pütz , K , Belchier , M , Boyd , I L , Trathan , P N & Dias , M P 2020 , ' Evaluating the effectiveness of a large multi-use MPA in protecting Key Biodiversity Areas for marine predators ' , Diversity and Distributions , vol. Early View .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 267432934
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 359ecdde-fc5b-4b41-a201-af5b482025c2
dc.identifier.otherRIS: urn:E73DB3209F71A036EF7E7480753A1171
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0002-9569-1128/work/72360273
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85083371691
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000525941200001
dc.descriptionFunding: This research was funded by the Pew Bertarelli Ocean Legacy Project of the Pew Charitable Trusts and Bertarelli Foundation.en
dc.description.abstractAim Marine protected areas can serve to regulate harvesting and conserve biodiversity. Within large multi‐use MPAs, it is often unclear to what degree critical sites of biodiversity are afforded protection against commercial activities. Addressing this issue is a prerequisite if we are to appropriately assess sites against conservation targets. We evaluated whether the management regime of a large MPA conserved sites (Key Biodiversity Areas, KBAs) supporting the global persistence of top marine predators. Location Southwest Atlantic Ocean. Method We collated population and tracking data (1,418 tracks) from 14 marine predator species (Procellariiformes, Sphenisciformes, Pinnipedia) that breed at South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, and identified hotspots for their conservation under the recently developed KBA framework. We then evaluated the spatiotemporal overlap of these sites and the different management regimes of krill, demersal longline and pelagic trawl fisheries operating within a large MPA, which was created with the intention to protect marine predator species. Results We identified 12 new global marine KBAs that are important for this community of top predators, both within and beyond the focal MPA. Only three species consistently used marine areas at a time when a potentially higher‐risk fishery was allowed to operate in that area, while other interactions between fisheries and our target species were mostly precluded by MPA management plans. Main conclusions We show that current fishery management measures within the MPA contribute to protecting top predators considered in this study and that resource harvesting within the MPA does not pose a major threat—under current climate conditions. Unregulated fisheries beyond the MPA, however, pose a likely threat to identified KBAs. Our approach demonstrates the utility of the KBA guidelines and multispecies tracking data to assess the contributing role of well‐designed MPAs in achieving local and internationally agreed conservation targets.
dc.relation.ispartofDiversity and Distributionsen
dc.rightsCopyright © 2020 The Authors. Diversity and Distributions Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.en
dc.subjectAnimal trackingen
dc.subjectImportant bird and biodiversity areaen
dc.subjectKey biodiversity areaen
dc.subjectMarine protected areaen
dc.subjectGC Oceanographyen
dc.subjectQH301 Biologyen
dc.subjectSDG 13 - Climate Actionen
dc.subjectSDG 14 - Life Below Wateren
dc.titleEvaluating the effectiveness of a large multi-use MPA in protecting Key Biodiversity Areas for marine predatorsen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.description.versionPublisher PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. School of Biologyen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Sea Mammal Research Uniten
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Scottish Oceans Instituteen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Marine Alliance for Science & Technology Scotlanden
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Institute of Behavioural and Neural Sciencesen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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