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dc.contributor.authorPustogow, A
dc.contributor.authorLuo, Y
dc.contributor.authorChronister, A
dc.contributor.authorSu, Y.-S
dc.contributor.authorSokolov, D
dc.contributor.authorJerzembeck, F
dc.contributor.authorMackenzie, Andrew Peter
dc.contributor.authorHicks, Clifford William
dc.contributor.authorKikugawa, N
dc.contributor.authorRaghu, S
dc.contributor.authorBauer, E
dc.contributor.authorBrown, S
dc.identifier.citationPustogow , A , Luo , Y , Chronister , A , Su , Y -S , Sokolov , D , Jerzembeck , F , Mackenzie , A P , Hicks , C W , Kikugawa , N , Raghu , S , Bauer , E & Brown , S 2019 , ' Constraints on the superconducting order parameter in Sr 2 RuO 4 from oxygen-17 nuclear magnetic resonance ' , Nature , vol. 574 , no. 7776 , pp. 72–75 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 261126322
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 40f9eaa7-c382-4d94-b681-5212f9328885
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85072943309
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000488832500032
dc.description.abstractPhases of matter are usually identified through spontaneous symmetry breaking, especially regarding unconventional superconductivity and the interactions from which it originates. In that context, the superconducting state of the quasi-two-dimensional and strongly correlated perovskite Sr2RuO4 is considered to be the only solid-state analogue to the superfluid 3He-A phase1,2, with an odd-parity order parameter that is unidirectional in spin space for all electron momenta and breaks time-reversal symmetry. This characterization was recently called into question by a search for an expected ‘split’ transition in a Sr2RuO4 crystal under in-plane uniaxial pressure, which failed to find any such evidence; instead, a dramatic rise and a peak in a single-transition temperature were observed3,4. Here we use nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy of oxygen-17, which is directly sensitive to the order parameter via hyperfine coupling to the electronic spin degrees of freedom, to probe the nature of superconductivity in Sr2RuO4 and its evolution under strain. A reduction of the Knight shift is observed for all strain values and at temperatures below the critical temperature, consistent with a drop in spin polarization in the superconducting state. In unstrained samples, our results contradict a body of previous NMR work reporting no change in the Knight shift5 and the most prevalent theoretical interpretation of the order parameter as a chiral p-wave state. Sr2RuO4 is an extremely clean layered perovskite and its superconductivity emerges from a strongly correlated Fermi liquid, and our work imposes tight constraints on the order parameter symmetry of this archetypal system.
dc.rightsCopyright © 2019 Springer Nature. This work has been made available online in accordance with publisher policies or with permission. Permission for further reuse of this content should be sought from the publisher or the rights holder. This is the author created accepted manuscript following peer review and may differ slightly from the final published version. The final published version of this work is available at
dc.subjectQC Physicsen
dc.subjectT Technologyen
dc.titleConstraints on the superconducting order parameter in Sr2RuO4 from oxygen-17 nuclear magnetic resonanceen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Condensed Matter Physicsen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.School of Physics and Astronomyen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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