Selective primary alcohol oxidation of lignin streams from butanol-pretreated agricultural waste biomass
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Chemically modified lignins are important for the generation of biomass-derived materials and as precursors to renewable aromatic monomers. A butanol-based organosolv pretreatment has been used to convert an abundant agricultural waste product, rice husks, into a cellulose pulp and three additional product streams. One of these streams, a butanol-modified lignin, was oxidized at the γ position to give a carboxylic acid functionalized material. Subsequent coupling of the acid with aniline aided lignin characterization and served as an example of the flexibility of this approach for grafting side chains onto a lignin core structure. The pretreatment was scaled up for use on a multi-kilogram scale, a development that enabled the isolation of an anomeric mixture of butoxylated xylose in high purity. The robust and scalable butanosolv pretreatment has been developed further and demonstrates considerable potential for the processing of rice husks.
Panovic , I , Lancefield , C S , Phillips , D , Gronnow , M J & Westwood , N J 2019 , ' Selective primary alcohol oxidation of lignin streams from butanol-pretreated agricultural waste biomass ' , CHEMSUSCHEM , vol. 12 , no. 2 , pp. 542-548 . https://doi.org/10.1002/cssc.201801971
Copyright © 2019 Wiley‐VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim. This work has been made available online in accordance with the publisher’s policies. This is the author created accepted version manuscript following peer review and as such may differ slightly from the final published version. The final published version of this work is available at https://doi.org/10.1002/cssc.201801971
DescriptionWe would like to thank the CRITICAT Centre for Doctoral Training for financial support [Ph.D. studentship to IP; Grant code: EP/L016419/1] and BBSRC Global Challenges Research Fund Impact Acceleration Account at St Andrews BB/GCRFIAA/20. CSL thanks the Leverhulme Trust for funding an Early Career Fellowship.
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