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dc.contributor.authorPrzeslawski, Rachel
dc.contributor.authorFoster, Scott
dc.contributor.authorMonk, Jacquomo
dc.contributor.authorBarrett, Neville
dc.contributor.authorBouchet, Phil
dc.contributor.authorCarroll, Andrew
dc.contributor.authorLanglois, Tim
dc.contributor.authorLucieer, Vanessa
dc.contributor.authorWilliams, Joel
dc.contributor.authorBax, Nicholas
dc.identifier.citationPrzeslawski , R , Foster , S , Monk , J , Barrett , N , Bouchet , P , Carroll , A , Langlois , T , Lucieer , V , Williams , J & Bax , N 2019 , ' A suite of field manuals for marine sampling to monitor Australian waters ' , Frontiers in Marine Science , vol. 6 , 177 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 264697439
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: f6d63777-7a94-4a6d-b180-21e1a8623498
dc.identifier.otherBibtex: 10.3389/fmars.2019.00177
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0002-2144-2049/work/66398481
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85064666070
dc.description.abstractOne of the main challenges in assessing marine biodiversity is the lack of consistent approaches to monitor it. This threatens to undermine ocean best practice in marine monitoring, as it impedes a reduction in the bias and variance of sampled data and restricts the confidence in the advice that can be given. In particular, there is potential for confounding between the monitoring methods, their measured ecological properties, and the questions they seek to answer. Australia has developed significant long-term marine monitoring and observing programs and has one of the largest marine estates, including the world’s largest representative network of marine parks. This new network will require ongoing monitoring and evaluation, beyond what direct funding can support, which needs to be integrated in a standardized way with other national programs to develop sufficient monitoring capacity. The aim of this paper is to describe the process undertaken in developing a suite of field manuals that provide Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) for marine sampling in Australian waters so that data are comparable over time and space, thereby supporting a robust, cost-effective, and objective national monitoring program. We encourage readers to refer to the complete manuals of interest at We generally limit SOP development to benthic or demersal sampling, (multibeam, autonomous underwater vehicles, baited remoted underwater video (BRUV), towed imagery, grabs and box corers, sleds and trawls), with a few exceptions (e.g., pelagic BRUVs). Collaboration was a key characteristic of our approach so rather than single groups trying to impose their standards, more than 70 individuals from over 30 organizations contributed to the first version of this field manual package. We also discuss the challenges that arose while developing these national SOPs, the associated solutions that were implemented, and the plans for ensuring their long-term maintenance and national and international uptake. We anticipate that this paper will contribute to international collaborations by evoking valuable suggestions and sharing of lessons learnt from other national initiatives so that we might work toward a global ocean best practice for biological and geoscientific monitoring of the marine environment.
dc.relation.ispartofFrontiers in Marine Scienceen
dc.rightsCopyright © 2019 Przeslawski, Foster, Monk, Barrett, Bouchet, Carroll, Langlois, Lucieer, Williams and Bax. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.en
dc.subjectMarine imagingen
dc.subjectBox coreren
dc.subjectEpibenthic sleden
dc.subjectAutonomous under water vehicleen
dc.subjectSurvey designen
dc.subjectMarine monitoringen
dc.subjectGC Oceanographyen
dc.subjectQH301 Biologyen
dc.titleA suite of field manuals for marine sampling to monitor Australian watersen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.description.versionPublisher PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.School of Mathematics and Statisticsen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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