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dc.contributor.authorReale , Sophie
dc.contributor.authorMarr , Colette
dc.contributor.authorCecil, Joanne Elizabeth
dc.contributor.authorHetherington, Marion
dc.contributor.authorCaton, Sam
dc.identifier.citationReale , S , Marr , C , Cecil , J E , Hetherington , M & Caton , S 2019 , ' Maternal decisions on portion size and portion control strategies for snacks in preschool children ' , Nutrients , vol. 11 , no. 12 , 3009 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 262928910
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 88920190-5249-4c34-a0a8-4cb8e200bede
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0003-4779-6037/work/66070497
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85076488391
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000506917800171
dc.descriptionFunding: UK BBSRC BB/M027384/1.en
dc.description.abstractCaregivers are responsible for the type and amount of food young children are served. However, it remains unclear what considerations caregivers make when serving snacks to children. The aim of the study was to explore mothers’ decisions and portion control strategies during snack preparation in the home environment. Forty mothers of children aged 24–48 months participated in the study. Mothers prepared five snack foods for themselves and their child whilst verbalizing their actions and thoughts. Mothers were then asked about their portion size decisions in a semi-structured interview. Transcripts were imported into NVivo and analyzed thematically. Three key themes were identified: (1) portion size considerations, (2) portion control methods, and (3) awareness and use of portion size recommendations. Transient, food-related situational influences influenced mothers and disrupted planning and portion control. Food packaging and dishware size were used as visual cues for portion control; however, these vary widely in their size, thus emphasizing mothers’ uncertainty regarding appropriate portion sizes. Mothers called for portion size information to be accessible, child-centered, and simple. These findings reveal multiple considerations when deciding on the correct snack portion sizes for children. These decisions are complex and vary across situations and time, and according to the types of snacks offered.
dc.rights© 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (
dc.subjectPortion sizeen
dc.subjectPreschool childrenen
dc.subjectThink-aloud methoden
dc.subjectRA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicineen
dc.subjectRJ Pediatricsen
dc.titleMaternal decisions on portion size and portion control strategies for snacks in preschool childrenen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.description.versionPublisher PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.School of Medicineen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Population and Behavioural Science Divisionen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Health Psychologyen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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