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dc.contributor.authorStidsholt, Laura
dc.contributor.authorJohnson, Mark
dc.contributor.authorBeedholm, Kristian
dc.contributor.authorJakobsen, Lasse
dc.contributor.authorKugler, Kathrin
dc.contributor.authorBrinkløv, Signe
dc.contributor.authorSalles, Angeles
dc.contributor.authorMoss, Cynthia F.
dc.contributor.authorMadsen, Peter Teglberg
dc.identifier.citationStidsholt , L , Johnson , M , Beedholm , K , Jakobsen , L , Kugler , K , Brinkløv , S , Salles , A , Moss , C F & Madsen , P T 2019 , ' A 2.6-gram sound and movement tag for studying the acoustic scene and kinematics of echolocating bats ' , Methods in Ecology and Evolution , vol. 10 , no. 1 , pp. 48-58 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 256247455
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: d17162e7-9757-445c-bdc3-6eca4af78a9d
dc.identifier.otherRIS: urn:CF3AB58AC7525C090D36CEB36EC69C32
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85056303440
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000457750600005
dc.descriptionThis study was supported by the Carlsberg Foundation via a Semper Ardens grant, ONR, N00014-17-1- 2736; AFOSR FA9550-14-1-0398, and NSF NCS-FO:1734744 and a Human Frontiers Science Program Long-Term Fellowship to AS. These experiments were approved by The Danish Council for Experiments on Animals under permit number: 2016-15-0201-00989 and by the Johns Hopkins University Animal Care and Use Committee under protocol number BA17A107. We thank Uwe Firzlaff and Lutz Wiegrebe for their help.en
dc.description.abstract1. To study sensorimotor behaviour in wild animals, it is necessary to synchronously record the sensory inputs available to the animal, and its movements. To do this, we have developed a biologging device that can record the primary sensory information and the associated movements during foraging and navigating in echolocating bats. 2. This 2.6 -gram tag records the sonar calls and echoes from an ultrasonic microphone, while simultaneously sampling fine-scale movement in three dimensions from wideband accelerometers and magnetometers. In this study, we tested the tag on an European noctula (Nyctalus noctula) during target approaches and on four big brown bats (Eptesicus fuscus) during prey interception in a flight room. 3. We show that the tag records both the outgoing calls and echoes returning from objects at biologically relevant distances. Inertial sensor data enables the detection of behavioural events such as flying, turning, and resting. In addition, individual wing-beats can be tracked and synchronized to the bat's sound emissions to study the coordination of different motor events. 4. By recording the primary acoustic flow of bats concomitant with associated behaviours on a very fine time-scale, this type of biologging method will foster a deeper understanding of how sensory inputs guide feeding behaviours in the wild.
dc.relation.ispartofMethods in Ecology and Evolutionen
dc.rights© 2018, the Author(s). Methods in Ecology and Evolution © 2018 British Ecological Society This work has been made available online in accordance with the publisher's policies. This is the author created accepted version manuscript following peer review and as such may differ slightly from the final published version. The final published version of this work is available at
dc.subjectArchival tagen
dc.subjectAuditory sceneen
dc.subjectBat echolocationen
dc.subjectEchoic sceneen
dc.subjectFlight kinematicsen
dc.subjectInertial sensorsen
dc.subjectQH301 Biologyen
dc.titleA 2.6-gram sound and movement tag for studying the acoustic scene and kinematics of echolocating batsen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. School of Biologyen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Scottish Oceans Instituteen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Marine Alliance for Science & Technology Scotlanden
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Sea Mammal Research Uniten
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Sound Tags Groupen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Bioacoustics groupen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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