The incidence of idiopathic intracranial hypertension in Scotland : a SOSU study
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Background: Idiopathic intracranial hypertension most commonly affects women of childbearing age and usually causes headache and intermittent visual obscurations. Some patients suffer permanent visual loss. The major modifiable risk factor associated with IIH is obesity. Scotland has one of the poorest records for obesity in the western world, with a prevalence in 2016 of 29% in the adult population. We aimed to establish the incidence of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) in Scotland. Methods: All new cases of IIH seen in Scotland were collected over a 1-year period. Cases were reported by ophthalmologists through the Scottish Ophthalmic Surveillance Unit (SOSU) and by neurologists directly to the investigators using encrypted NHS emails. An open dialogue was maintained between the investigators and specialist neuro-ophthalmology clinics throughout the year to minimise the risk of under-reporting. Cases were defined using the Modified Dandy Diagnostic Criteria. Results: One hundred and forty-four confirmed cases of IIH were reported. One hundred and ten out of 144 patients were female and aged 15–44. The mean BMI in this group was 38.9. Conclusions: The incidence of IIH in Scotland is at least 2.65/100,000. This figure rises to 37.9/100,000 in obese females aged 15–44. This figure is higher than previously published and is probably a result of increasing levels of obesity across the nation. The significant morbidity caused by IIH, in this young population raises the question of whether enough is being done to prevent and treat Scotland’s obesity crisis.
Goudie , C , Shah , P , McKee , J , Foot , B , Kousha , O & Blaikie , A 2019 , ' The incidence of idiopathic intracranial hypertension in Scotland : a SOSU study ' , Eye . https://doi.org/10.1038/s41433-019-0450-y
Copyright © The Royal College of Ophthalmologists 2019. This work has been made available online in accordance with the publisher’s policies. This is the author created, accepted version manuscript following peer review and may differ slightly from the final published version. The final published version of this work is available at https://doi.org/10.1038/s41433-019-0450-y
DescriptionThis study was supported by the Scottish Ophthalmic Surveillance Unit, through the Ross Foundation SOSU study bursary.
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