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dc.contributor.authorGreig, Denise J
dc.contributor.authorGulland, Frances M D
dc.contributor.authorSmith, Woutrina A
dc.contributor.authorConrad, Patricia A
dc.contributor.authorField, Cara L
dc.contributor.authorFleetwood, Michelle
dc.contributor.authorHarvey, James T
dc.contributor.authorIp, Hon S
dc.contributor.authorJang, Spencer
dc.contributor.authorPackham, Andrea
dc.contributor.authorWheeler, Elizabeth
dc.contributor.authorHall, Ailsa J
dc.identifier.citationGreig , D J , Gulland , F M D , Smith , W A , Conrad , P A , Field , C L , Fleetwood , M , Harvey , J T , Ip , H S , Jang , S , Packham , A , Wheeler , E & Hall , A J 2014 , ' Surveillance for zoonotic and selected pathogens in harbor seals Phoca vitulina from central California ' , Diseases of Aquatic Organisms , vol. 111 , no. 2 , pp. 93-106 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 155830662
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 4f53599f-2e19-4182-aaf2-3a87236734f5
dc.identifier.otherPubMed: 25266897
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 84907478994
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0002-7562-1771/work/47136267
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000343007500001
dc.descriptionWe thank The John H. Prescott Marine Mammal Rescue Assistance Grant Program and Valentine Family Foundation for funding for this project.en
dc.description.abstractThe infection status of harbor seals Phoca vitulina in central California, USA, was evaluated through broad surveillance for pathogens in stranded and wild-caught animals from 2001 to 2008, with most samples collected in 2007 and 2008. Stranded animals from Mendocino County to San Luis Obispo County were sampled at a rehabilitation facility: The Marine Mammal Center (TMMC, n = 175); wild-caught animals were sampled at 2 locations: San Francisco Bay (SF, n = 78) and Tomales Bay (TB, n = 97), that differed in degree of urbanization. Low prevalences of Salmonella, Campylobacter, Giardia, and Cryptosporidium were detected in the feces of stranded and wild-caught seals. Clostridium perfringens and Escherichia coli were more prevalent in the feces of stranded (58% [78 out of 135] and 76% [102 out of 135]) than wild-caught (42% [45 out of 106] and 66% [68 out of 106]) seals, whereas Vibrio spp. were 16 times more likely to be cultured from the feces of seals from SF than TB or TMMC (p
dc.relation.ispartofDiseases of Aquatic Organismsen
dc.rightsCopyright © 2014 Inter-Research.en
dc.subjectQH301 Biologyen
dc.subjectSDG 14 - Life Below Wateren
dc.titleSurveillance for zoonotic and selected pathogens in harbor seals Phoca vitulina from central Californiaen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.description.versionPublisher PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. School of Biologyen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Sea Mammal Research Uniten
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Marine Alliance for Science & Technology Scotlanden
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Scottish Oceans Instituteen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden
dc.identifier.grantnumberAgreement R8-H12-86en

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