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dc.contributor.authorPenry, Gwenith Susan
dc.contributor.authorHammond, Philip Steven
dc.contributor.authorCockcroft, Vic G
dc.contributor.authorBest, Peter B
dc.contributor.authorThornton, Meredith
dc.contributor.authorGraves, Jefferson Alden
dc.identifier.citationPenry , G S , Hammond , P S , Cockcroft , V G , Best , P B , Thornton , M & Graves , J A 2018 , ' Phylogenetic relationships in southern African Bryde's whales inferred from mitochondrial DNA : further support for subspecies delineation between the two allopatric populations ' , Conservation Genetics , vol. 19 , no. 6 , pp. 1349-1365 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 250609430
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 20e4e831-fb96-4ac3-8fce-a81afb80c041
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85053674506
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0002-2381-8302/work/48516813
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000450473600007
dc.description.abstractBryde’s whales (Balaenoptera edeni) are medium-sized balaenopterids with tropical and subtropical distribution. There is confusion about the number of species, subspecies and populations of Bryde’s whale found globally. Two eco-types occur off South Africa, the inshore and offshore forms, but with unknown relationship between them. Using the mtDNA control region we investigated the phylogenetic relationship of these populations to each other and other Bryde’s whale populations. Skin, baleen and bone samples were collected from biopsy-sampled individuals, strandings and museum collections. 97 sequences of 674 bp (bp) length were compared with published sequences of Bryde’s whales (n = 6) and two similar species, Omura’s (B. omurai) and sei (B. borealis) whales (n = 3). We found eight haplotypes from the study samples: H1–H4 formed a distinct, sister clade to pelagic populations of Bryde’s whales (B. brydei) from the South Pacific, North Pacific and Eastern Indian Ocean. H5–H8 were included in the pelagic clade. H1–H4 represented samples from within the distributional range of the inshore form. Pairwise comparisons of the percentage of nucleotide differences between sequences revealed that inshore haplotypes differed from published sequences of B. edeni by 4.7–5.5% and from B. brydei by 1.8–2.1%. Ten fixed differences between inshore and offshore sequences supported 100% diagnosability as subspecies. Phylogenetic analyses grouped the South African populations within the Bryde’s-sei whale clade and excluded B. edeni. Our data, combined with morphological and ecological evidence from previous studies, support subspecific classification of both South African forms under B. brydei and complete separation from B. edeni.
dc.relation.ispartofConservation Geneticsen
dc.rights© 2018, Springer Nature. This work has been made available online in accordance with the publisher’s policies. This is the author created accepted version manuscript following peer review and as such may differ slightly from the final published version. The final published version of this work is available at
dc.subjectBryde’s whaleen
dc.subjectBalaenoptera edenien
dc.subjectBalaenoptera brydeien
dc.subjectSouthern Africaen
dc.subjectMtDNA control regionen
dc.subjectQH301 Biologyen
dc.titlePhylogenetic relationships in southern African Bryde's whales inferred from mitochondrial DNA : further support for subspecies delineation between the two allopatric populationsen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.School of Biologyen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Sea Mammal Research Uniten
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Marine Alliance for Science & Technology Scotlanden
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Scottish Oceans Instituteen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Centre for Research into Ecological & Environmental Modellingen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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