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dc.contributor.authorBradford, Elisabeth E. F.
dc.contributor.authorGomez, Juan-Carlos
dc.contributor.authorJentzsch, Ines
dc.identifier.citationBradford , E E F , Gomez , J-C & Jentzsch , I 2019 , ' Exploring the role of self/other perspective-shifting in theory of mind with behavioural and EEG measures ' , Social Neuroscience , vol. 14 , no. 5 , pp. 530-544 .
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0001-5621-1024/work/64360876
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0002-0218-9834/work/64361085
dc.descriptionThis work was supported by the Economic and Social Research Council [grant number ES/J500136/1] in the form of a three-year PhD studentship awarded to EB.en
dc.description.abstractTheory of Mind (ToM) refers to the ability to compute and attribute mental states to oneself and other people. This study sought to assess the extent of differentiation between “Self” and “Other” in ToM processes, and, of particular importance, the key role of perspective-shifting between “Self” and “Other”. Utilizing a newly established false-belief paradigm in a matched design, healthy adult participants completed the task whilst behavioural measures (response times, error rates) and electrophysiological (EEG) recordings were taken. Results revealed that self-oriented belief-attribution was faster and less error-prone than other-oriented belief-attribution, and demonstrated a key role of perspective-shifting. Perspective shifts from Self-to-Other resulted in longer response times and more errors than shifts from Other-to-Self. In contrast, no difference between self and other probes was found in no perspective-shift trials. Reflecting this, EEG recordings showed a significant interaction between Perspective-Shifting and Probe Type at an early onset across right parieto/occipito-lateral areas (250 ms post-stimulus onset), and across frontal-central areas from 500 ms post-stimulus onset, indicating the key role of these areas in ToM engagement. Results demonstrate that “Self” and “Other” can be distinguished at a behavioural level, and highlight the critical role of “Perspective-Shifting” in ToM processes.
dc.relation.ispartofSocial Neuroscienceen
dc.subjectTheory of minden
dc.subjectSocial cognitionen
dc.subjectRC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatryen
dc.titleExploring the role of self/other perspective-shifting in theory of mind with behavioural and EEG measuresen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. School of Psychology and Neuroscienceen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Institute of Behavioural and Neural Sciencesen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Centre for Social Learning & Cognitive Evolutionen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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