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dc.contributor.authorMaraolo, Alberto Enrico
dc.contributor.authorOng, David S Y
dc.contributor.authorCimen, Cansu
dc.contributor.authorHoward, Philip
dc.contributor.authorKofteridis, Diamantis P.
dc.contributor.authorSchouten, Jeroen
dc.contributor.authorMutters, Nico T.
dc.contributor.authorPulcini, Céline
dc.contributor.authorESGAP-EUCIC-TAE Working Group on AMS/IPC mapping in Europe
dc.identifier.citationMaraolo , A E , Ong , D S Y , Cimen , C , Howard , P , Kofteridis , D P , Schouten , J , Mutters , N T , Pulcini , C & ESGAP-EUCIC-TAE Working Group on AMS/IPC mapping in Europe 2019 , ' Organization and training at national level of antimicrobial stewardship and infection control activities in Europe : an ESCMID cross-sectional survey ' , European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases , vol. First Online .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 260511105
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: cd003cb1-51be-4608-8bf2-7cca67ad54a3
dc.identifier.otherPubMed: 31396830
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0003-1133-3874/work/60631071
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85070317462
dc.description.abstractAntimicrobial stewardship (AMS) and Infection prevention and control (IPC) are two key complementary strategies that combat development and spread of antimicrobial resistance. The ESGAP (ESCMID Study Group for AMS), EUCIC (European Committee on Infection Control) and TAE (Trainee Association of ESCMID) investigated how AMS and IPC activities and training are organized, if present, at national level in Europe. From February 2018 to May 2018, an internet-based cross-sectional survey was conducted through a 36-item questionnaire, involving up to three selected respondents per country, from 38 European countries in total (including Israel), belonging to the ESGAP/EUCIC/TAE networks. All 38 countries participated with at least one respondent, and a total of 81 respondents. Education and involvement in AMS programmes were mandatory during the postgraduate training of clinical microbiology and infectious diseases specialists in up to one-third of countries. IPC was acknowledged as a specialty in 32% of countries. Only 32% of countries had both guidance and national requirements regarding AMS programmes, in contrast to 61% for IPC. Formal national staffing standards for AMS and IPC hospital-based activities were present in 24% and 63% of countries, respectively. The backgrounds of professionals responsible for AMS and IPC programmes varied tremendously between countries. The organization and training of AMS and IPC in Europe are heterogeneous and national requirements for activities are frequently lacking.
dc.relation.ispartofEuropean Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseasesen
dc.rights© The Author(s) 2019. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.en
dc.subjectAntimicrobial stewardshipen
dc.subjectInfection prevention and controlen
dc.subjectClinical microbiologyen
dc.subjectInfectious diseasesen
dc.subjectQR180 Immunologyen
dc.titleOrganization and training at national level of antimicrobial stewardship and infection control activities in Europe : an ESCMID cross-sectional surveyen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.description.versionPublisher PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. School of Medicineen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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