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dc.contributor.authorLeighton, Margaret Alice
dc.contributor.authorSouza, Priscila
dc.contributor.authorStraub, Stéphane
dc.identifier.citationLeighton , M A , Souza , P & Straub , S 2019 , ' Social promotion in primary school : effects on grade progression ' , Brazilian Review of Econometrics , vol. 39 , no. 1 , pp. 1-33 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 258819396
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: c6199c56-a30f-4701-8d5d-4b99e7bab2ee
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0003-3270-1269/work/60196628
dc.description.abstractThis paper evaluates the effect of relaxing promotion criteria in early primary school on grade delay in later years. Exploiting variation in primary school repetition policies across Brazilian municipalities, we find that social promotion in junior primary years reduces grade delay, and that some of this reduction persists through the transition to senior primary school. Cohorts of twelve-year-old students who have been exposed to the social promotion policy since they were seven have almost 5 percentage points fewer members who are delayed a year or more in their studies than do similar cohorts who faced the threat of retention every year. We also find that, when the option is available, students sort across schools in response to the policy in a way consistent with negative selection into social promotion.
dc.relation.ispartofBrazilian Review of Econometricsen
dc.rights© 2019, the Author(s). This work has been made available online in accordance with the publisher's policies. This is the final published version of the work, which was originally published at
dc.subjectGrade repetitionen
dc.subjectPrimary educationen
dc.subjectRemedial educationen
dc.subjectSocial promotionen
dc.subjectGrading thresholdsen
dc.subjectHB Economic Theoryen
dc.subjectLB1501 Primary Educationen
dc.titleSocial promotion in primary school : effects on grade progressionen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.description.versionPublisher PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. School of Economics and Financeen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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