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dc.contributor.authorBax, Nicholas
dc.contributor.authorMiloslavich, Patricia
dc.contributor.authorMuller-Karger, Frank Edgar
dc.contributor.authorAllain, Valerie
dc.contributor.authorAppeltans, Ward
dc.contributor.authorBatten, Sonia Dawn
dc.contributor.authorBenedetti-Cecchi, Lisandro
dc.contributor.authorButtigieg, Pier Luigi
dc.contributor.authorChiba, Sanae
dc.contributor.authorCosta, Daniel Paul
dc.contributor.authorDuffy, J. Emmet
dc.contributor.authorDunn, Daniel C.
dc.contributor.authorJohnson, Craig Richard
dc.contributor.authorKudela, Raphael M.
dc.contributor.authorObura, David
dc.contributor.authorRebelo, Lisa-Maria
dc.contributor.authorShin, Yunne-Jai
dc.contributor.authorSimmons, Samantha Elisabeth
dc.contributor.authorTyack, Peter Lloyd
dc.identifier.citationBax , N , Miloslavich , P , Muller-Karger , F E , Allain , V , Appeltans , W , Batten , S D , Benedetti-Cecchi , L , Buttigieg , P L , Chiba , S , Costa , D P , Duffy , J E , Dunn , D C , Johnson , C R , Kudela , R M , Obura , D , Rebelo , L-M , Shin , Y-J , Simmons , S E & Tyack , P L 2019 , ' A response to scientific and societal needs for marine biological observations ' , Frontiers in Marine Science , vol. 6 , 395 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 260308338
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 0226f39b-b790-475d-9549-59a279e9515e
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0002-8409-4790/work/60887821
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85069777767
dc.description.abstractDevelopment of global ocean observing capacity for the biological EOVs is on the cusp of a step-change. Current capacity to automate data collection and processing and to integrate the resulting data streams with complementary data, openly available as FAIR data, is certain to dramatically increase the amount and quality of information and knowledge available to scientists and decision makers into the future. There is little doubt that scientists will continue to expand their understanding of what lives in the ocean, where it lives and how it is changing. However, whether this expanding information stream will inform policy and management or be incorporated into indicators for national reporting is more uncertain. Coordinated data collection including open sharing of data will help produce the consistent evidence-based messages that are valued by managers. The GOOS Biology and Ecosystems Panel is working with other global initiatives to assist this coordination by defining and implementing Essential Ocean Variables. The biological EOVs have been defined, are being updated following community feedback, and their implementation is underway. In 2019, the coverage and precision of a global ocean observing system capable of addressing key questions for the next decade will be quantified, and its potential to support the goals of the UN Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development identified. Developing a global ocean observing system for biology and ecosystems requires parallel efforts in improving evidence-based monitoring of progress against international agreements and the open data, reporting and governance structures that would facilitate the uptake of improved information by decision makers.
dc.relation.ispartofFrontiers in Marine Scienceen
dc.rights© 2019 Bax, Miloslavich, Muller-Karger, Allain, Appeltans, Batten, Benedetti-Cecchi, Buttigieg, Chiba, Costa, Duffy, Dunn, Johnson, Kudela, Obura, Rebelo, Shin, Simmons and Tyack. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.en
dc.subjectCapacity developmenten
dc.subjectOcean observingen
dc.subjectEssential Ocean Variableen
dc.subjectUN Decadeen
dc.subjectSustainable Development Goalsen
dc.subjectGC Oceanographyen
dc.subjectQH301 Biologyen
dc.subjectSDG 14 - Life Below Wateren
dc.titleA response to scientific and societal needs for marine biological observationsen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.description.versionPublisher PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. School of Biologyen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Centre for Social Learning & Cognitive Evolutionen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Scottish Oceans Instituteen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Sea Mammal Research Uniten
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Sound Tags Groupen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Bioacoustics groupen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Marine Alliance for Science & Technology Scotlanden
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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