Vigorous physical activity in relation to family affluence : time trends in Europe and North America
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Objectives: The aim of the study was to determine secular trends in vigorous physical activity (VPA) among adolescents in relation to family affluence across 34 countries. Methods: This study used data from the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study from 34 countries in Europe and North America. Adolescents (N = 501,647) aged 11, 13 and 15 years across three survey cycles (2006, 2010, 2014) self-reported data on VPA and a family affluence scale (FAS) using standardized questionnaires. Results: A significant increase in VPA was found in low-FAS boys (girls) in four (10) countries and a decrease in four (three) countries. In high-FAS boys (girls), a significant increase was observed in nine (11) countries and a decrease in two(three) countries. An overall significant increase in meeting the VPA recommendations was found in high-FAS boys (OR 1.11; 95% CI 1.06–1.16) and in all FAS groups in girls, with the largest effect being found among high-FAS girls (OR 1.24; 95% CI 1.18–1.30). Conclusions: A country-specific increase in VPA was observed primarily in the medium- and high-FAS categories. This study suggests a need to focus on increasing VPA efforts, especially in low- and medium-FAS boys.
Sigmundová , D , Sigmund , E , Tesler , R , Ng , K W , Hamrik , Z , Mathisen , F K S , Inchley , J & Bucksch , J 2019 , ' Vigorous physical activity in relation to family affluence : time trends in Europe and North America ' , International Journal of Public Health , vol. First Online . https://doi.org/10.1007/s00038-019-01271-8
International Journal of Public Health
Copyright © The Author(s) 2019. Open Access. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
DescriptionThis study was supported by a research Grant from the Czech Science Foundation under Reg. No. 17-12579S and a governmental project under Reg. No. CZ.02.1.01/0.0/0.0/16_025/0007294.
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