Identification of a reticulocyte-specific binding domain of Plasmodium vivax reticulocyte-binding protein 1 that is homologous to the PfRh4 erythrocyte-binding domain
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The Plasmodium vivax reticulocyte-binding protein (RBP) family was identified based on the annotation of adhesive ligands in the P. vivax genome. Reticulocyte-specific interactions with the PvRBPs (PvRBP1 and PvRBP2) were previously reported. Plasmodium falciparum reticulocyte-binding protein homologue 4 (PfRh4, a homologue of PvRBP1) was observed to possess erythrocyte-binding activity via complement receptor 1 on the erythrocyte surface. However, the reticulocyte-binding mechanisms of P. vivax are unclear because of the large molecular mass of PvRBP1 (>326 kDa) and the difficulty associated with in vitro cultivation. In the present study, 34 kDa of PvRBP1a (PlasmoDB ID: PVX_098585) and 32 kDa of PvRBP1b (PVX_098582) were selected from a 30 kDa fragment of PfRh4 for reticulocyte-specific binding activity analysis. Both PvRBP1a and PvRBP1b were found to be localized at the microneme in the mature schizont-stage parasites. Naturally acquired immune responses against PvRBP1a-34 and PvRBP1b-32 were observed lower than PvDBP-RII. The reticulocyte-specific binding activities of PvRBP1a-34 and PvRBP1b-32 were significantly higher than normocyte binding activity and were significantly reduced by chymotrypsin treatment. PvRBP1a and 1b, bind to reticulocytes and that this suggests that these ligands may have an important role in P. vivax merozoite invasion.
Han , J-H , Lee , S-K , Wang , B , Muh , F , Nyunt , M H , Na , S , Ha , K-S , Hong , S-H , Park , W S , Sattabongkot , J , Tsuboi , T & Han , E-T 2016 , ' Identification of a reticulocyte-specific binding domain of Plasmodium vivax reticulocyte-binding protein 1 that is homologous to the PfRh4 erythrocyte-binding domain ' , Scientific Reports , vol. 6 , 26993 . https://doi.org/10.1038/srep26993
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