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dc.contributor.advisorHafemann, Scott J.
dc.contributor.authorKim, Euichang
dc.coverage.spatialxi, 175 p.en_US
dc.description.abstractThis study sets forth a hypothesis regarding the meaning and function of “the fear of God” in Paul’s theology by examining its role in 2 Cor 7:1 within its salvation-historical and literary contexts. The consensus view of the fear of God distinguishes between two kinds of fear with God as its object—a negative fear (terror before judgment) and a positive fear (reverence that motivates holiness) that apply to unbelievers and believers respectively. In contrast, this study will propose that the fear of God—at least for Paul and the OT texts he cites in 2 Cor 6:16c–18—does not denote two kinds of fear, but only one, that is, one’s feeling of alarm or trepidation in regard to God that is brought about by the realization of the reality of God’s eschatological judgment. Believers and unbelievers do not experience the fear of God differently, but rather, this same fear of God applies differently in relationship to the two types of persons and times by whom and in which this fear is experienced: “believers,” as a result of having already experienced God’s salvation as members of the covenant, know the fear of God in the present that motivates them to pursue a holy life in anticipation of the judgment to come in the future, at which time they will not need to fear God’s condemnation. On the contrary, “unbelievers,” who are outside of God’s salvation, do not fear God in the present and thus continue to live wickedly, which will lead them to God’s condemnation in the future, at which time they will come to fear God’s wrath. This hypothesis will be proved through examining the meaning and significance of the fear of God in 2 Cor 7:1 within its own literary context in 2 Cor 5:11–7:1 and against the background of the larger contexts of the OT texts that Paul cites in the catena of Scripture in 2 Cor 6:16c–18, which Paul summarizes in 7:1. The understanding and function of the fear of God that appear in these OT contexts will then be compared with the understanding of this motif in the Second Temple Jewish milieu in order to provide the history-of-salvation context for Paul’s thought. Lastly, on the basis of this investigation, we will seek to understand the function of the fear of God in Paul’s eschatology, where, for Paul too, it will be shown that the fear of God functions 1) retrospectively, as a proper response to God’s saving acts in Christ by which he has established the new covenant people of God as the temple of God’s presence (2 Cor 6:16), and 2) prospectively, as it motivates believers to pursue a holy life in anticipation of the eschatological judgment to come. Thus, in 2 Cor 7:1, Paul, as the minister of the new covenant, exhorts the Corinthians, who have experienced God’s salvation, but still await the consummation of “the promises” in the future, to “cleanse themselves” and thus “complete holiness” in “the fear of God.”en_US
dc.publisherUniversity of St Andrews
dc.subjectThe fear of Goden_US
dc.subjectNew Testamenten_US
dc.subject2 Corinthiansen_US
dc.subjectJudgment seaten_US
dc.subjectNew covenanten_US
dc.subject.lcshBible. Corinthians, 2nd, VII, 1--Criticism, interpretation, etc.en
dc.subject.lcshBible. Corinthians, 2nd--Relation to the Old Testamenten
dc.subject.lcshPaul, the Apostle, Saint--Criticism and interpretationen
dc.subject.lcshFear of God--Christianityen
dc.titleThe fear of God in 2 Corinthians 7:1 : its salvation-historical, literary, and eschatological contextsen_US
dc.type.qualificationnamePhD Doctor of Philosophyen_US
dc.publisher.institutionThe University of St Andrewsen_US
dc.rights.embargodateThesis restricted in accordance with University regulations. Print and electronic copy restricted until 21st March 2022en

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