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dc.contributor.authorShe, Jun
dc.contributor.authorMuñiz Piniella, Ángel
dc.contributor.authorBenedetti-Cecch, Lisandro
dc.contributor.authorBoehme, Lars
dc.contributor.authorBoero, Ferdinando
dc.contributor.authorChristensen, Asbjorn
dc.contributor.authorCrowe, Tasman
dc.contributor.authorDarecki, Mirowslav
dc.contributor.authorGarcia, Enrique
dc.contributor.authorGremare, Antoine
dc.contributor.authorHernandez, Francisco
dc.contributor.authorKouts, Tarmo
dc.contributor.authorKromkamp, Jacco
dc.contributor.authorPetihakis, George
dc.contributor.authorPinto, Isabel S.
dc.contributor.authorReissmann, Jan
dc.contributor.authorTuommi, Laura
dc.contributor.authorZingone, Adriana
dc.identifier.citationShe , J , Muñiz Piniella , Á , Benedetti-Cecch , L , Boehme , L , Boero , F , Christensen , A , Crowe , T , Darecki , M , Garcia , E , Gremare , A , Hernandez , F , Kouts , T , Kromkamp , J , Petihakis , G , Pinto , I S , Reissmann , J , Tuommi , L & Zingone , A 2019 , ' An integrated approach to coastal and biological observations ' , Frontiers in Marine Science , vol. 6 , 314 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 257394591
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 52e74d19-f75c-4635-a1fb-bd35b12b93cc
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000473486100001
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85068554946
dc.descriptionFunding: Danish Meteorological Institute.en
dc.description.abstractMaritime economy, ecosystem-based management and climate change adaptation and mitigation raise emerging needs on coastal ocean and biological observations. Integrated ocean observing aims at optimizing sampling strategies and cost-efficiency, sharing data and best practices and maximizing the value of the observations for multiple purposes. Recently developed cost-effective, near real time technology such as gliders, radars, ferrybox and shallow water Argo floats, should be used operationally to generate operational coastal sea observations and analysis. Furthermore, value of disparate coastal ocean observations can be unlocked with multi-dimensional integration on fitness-for-the-purpose, parameter and instrumental. Integration of operational monitoring with offline monitoring programs, such as those for research, ecosystem-based management and commercial purposes, is necessary to fill the gaps. Such integration should lead to a system of networks which can deliver data for all kinds of purposes. Detailed integration activities are identified which should enhance the coastal ocean and biological observing capacity. Ultimately a program is required which integrates physical, biogeochemical and biological observation of the ocean, from coastal to deep-sea environments, bringing together global, regional and local observation efforts.
dc.relation.ispartofFrontiers in Marine Scienceen
dc.rightsCopyright © 2019 She, Muñiz Piniella, Benedetti-Cecchi, Boehme, Boero, Christensen, Crowe, Darecki, Nogueira, Gremare, Hernandez, Kouts, Kromkamp, Petihakis, Sousa Pinto, Reissmann, Tuomi and Zingone. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.en
dc.subjectIntegrated observingen
dc.subjectFit-for-purpose integrationen
dc.subjectInstrumental integrationen
dc.subjectParameter integrationen
dc.subjectCoastal ocean observationen
dc.subjectBiological observationen
dc.subjectQH301 Biologyen
dc.titleAn integrated approach to coastal and biological observationsen
dc.typeJournal itemen
dc.description.versionPublisher PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.School of Biologyen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Sea Mammal Research Uniten
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Marine Alliance for Science & Technology Scotlanden
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Scottish Oceans Instituteen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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