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dc.contributor.authorCosta Buranelli, Filippo
dc.identifier.citationCosta Buranelli , F 2018 , ' Spheres of influence as negotiated hegemony – the case of Central Asia ' , Geopolitics , vol. 23 , no. 2 , pp. 378-403 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 246705906
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: ab25d23f-067b-429a-b43f-3dd78dfac0ca
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85039043810
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0002-2447-7618/work/60196653
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000440728600007
dc.description.abstractIn the nineteenth century, as well as during the Cold War, spheres of influence were created and legitimized to pursue and sustain order in world politics, as well as to avoid direct confrontation between the great powers. Nowadays, they are considered as belonging to a past characterized by confrontation, power politics, balance of power and coercion. Yet, spheres of influence still constitute part of the present-day political vocabulary, and several regional dynamics are in fact framed and analysed by using this concept. Are spheres of influence returning, or have they simply evolved? How do spheres of influence look like in contemporary international relations? With a specific focus on Russia and Central Asia, this article adopts an English School approach to the study of spheres of influence and offers a conceptualization of contemporary spheres of influence as structures of negotiated hegemony between the ‘influencer’ and the ‘influenced’ where norms and rules of coexistence are debated, contested and compromised on. The implications of this are multiple. First, the approach allows for seeing spheres of influence as social structures where norms and rules of coexistence are in play. Second, it allows for an analysis of the implementation and the legitimacy of spheres of influence through history. Third, by stressing the evolutionary character of spheres of influence, it puts the notion of their ‘return’ into question.
dc.rights© 2017 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. This work has been made available online in accordance with the publisher’s policies. This is the author created, accepted version manuscript following peer review and may differ slightly from the final published version. The final published version of this work is available at
dc.subjectJZ International relationsen
dc.titleSpheres of influence as negotiated hegemony – the case of Central Asiaen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.School of International Relationsen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Centre for Global Law and Governanceen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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