Partitioning of magnetic helicity in reconnected flux tubes
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The reconnection of two flux tubes with footpoints anchored to a plane, such as the photosphere, is considered. We focus on properties of the reconnected flux tubes, specifically their twist, which can be quantified using magnetic helicity. If the tubes are of equal flux (Φ) and are initially crossed we find the results are dependent upon the relative positioning of their footpoints: (i) nonequipartition of self-helicity is the typical situation; (ii) the total amount of self-helicity in the reconnected tubes lies between 0 and 2Φ2, corresponding to a total twist of between 0 and 2 turns. If the tubes are initially uncrossed the self-helicity of each reconnected tube depends upon footpoint arrangement. However, care needs to be taken when using these results as bringing the tubes together at the reconnection site can introduce twist or writhe, which will also need to be taken into account. In the case where the tubes are side by side and possess some overlap, reconnection may occur without distorting the tubes. For this situation the reconnected tubes will be crossed: (i) equipartition of self-helicity is never met, but can be approached in the limit of the footpoints being quasi-colinear; (ii) the overlying tube always has a self-helicity whose magnitude >Φ2/2 (it exceeds a half turn); the underling tube's self-helicity magnitude is always <Φ2/2 (less than a half turn). Our results have a broad application in developing models of reconnecting coronal magnetic fields, as well as in interpreting observations and simulations of these fields.
Wright , A N 2019 , ' Partitioning of magnetic helicity in reconnected flux tubes ' , Astrophysical Journal , vol. 878 , no. 2 , 102 . https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/ab2120
Copyright © 2019. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.This work is made available online in accordance with the publisher’s policies. This is the final published version of the work, which was originally published at: https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/ab2120
DescriptionA.N.W. was partially funded by STFC Consolidated Grant ST/N000609/1.
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