An environmentally responsive reciprocal replicating network
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A reciprocal replication system is constructed from four building blocks, A , B , C , and D , which react in a pairwise manner through either a 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition or the condensation reaction between an amine and an aldehyde to create two templates, trans-TAB and TCD. These templates are equipped with complementary recognition sites—two carboxylic acids (trans-TAB) or two 4,6-dimethylamidopyridines (TCD)—that enable each template to direct the formation of its complementary partner through two mutually-reinforcing cross-catalytic pathways, in which the templates trans-TAB or TCD preorganize the appropriate building blocks within two catalytically-active ternary complexes: [C•D•trans-TAB] and [A•B•TCD]. The template-directed processes within these complexes generate a heteroduplex [trans-TAB•TCD], which is shown to possess significant stability through kinetic simulations and fitting. As a consequence, the individual cross-catalytic pathways perform more efficiently in template-directed experiments when the concentration of the template being formed is below that of the template added as instruction. Comprehensive analysis of the system in which A , B , C , and D are mixed together directly, using a series of 1H NMR spectroscopic kinetic experiments, demonstrates that the behavior of the reciprocal system is more than the simple sum of its parts—as part of the interconnected network, the product of each reaction clearly directs the fabrication of its reciprocal partner, facilitating both higher rates of formation for both templates and improved diastereoselectivity for trans-TAB. A simple change in experimental conditions (from dry to "wet" CDCl3) demonstrates the sensitivity of the replication pathways within the network to the reaction environment, which leads to a >10-fold increase in the contribution of a new minimal self-replicator, trans-TAB*, to the replication network.
Robertson , C C , Mackenzie , H W , Kosikova , T & Philp , D 2018 , ' An environmentally responsive reciprocal replicating network ' , Journal of the American Chemical Society , vol. 140 , no. 22 , pp. 6832-6841 . https://doi.org/10.1021/jacs.7b13576
Journal of the American Chemical Society
Copyright © 2018 American Chemical Society. This work has been made available online in accordance with the publisher’s policies. This is the author created accepted version manuscript following peer review and as such may differ slightly from the final published version. The final published version of this work is available at: https://doi.org/10.1021/jacs.7b13576
DescriptionThe financial support for this work was provided by EaStCHEM and the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (Grant EP/K503162/1).
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