The coastal landslides of Shetland
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Little is known of hard-rock coastal landsliding in Scotland. We identify 128 individual coastal landslides or landslide complexes >50 m wide along the coasts of Shetland. Most are apparently translational slides characterized by headscarps, displaced blocks and/or debris runout, but 13 deep-seated failures with tension cracks up to 200 m inland from cliff crests were also identified. Thirty-one sites exhibit evidence of at least localized recent activity. Landslide distribution is primarily determined by the distribution of coastal cliffs >30 m high, and they are preferentially developed on metasedimentary rocks. Analysis of 16 landslides on Fetlar (NE Shetland) indicates that most are translational dip-slip failures; 3 represent deep-seated failures and several exhibit active frontal erosion attributable to basal sapping by storm waves. As these landslides terminate in shallow water, failure was probably initiated when rising sea level resulted in footslope erosion and upslope propagation of instability, causing downslope displacement of landslide blocks on upper slopes. 10Be exposure dating of two headscarps yielded ages of 4.8 ± 0.2 ka and 4.4 ± 0.2 ka, consistent with the onset of footslope erosion as sea level rose. Our results suggest that landslides have played a hitherto undocumented but important role in retreat of cliffed coastlines in Scotland.
Ballantyne , C K , Dawson , S , Dick , R , Fabel , D , Kralikaite , E , Milne , F , Sandeman , G F & Xu , S 2018 , ' The coastal landslides of Shetland ' , Scottish Geographical Journal , vol. 134 , no. 1-2 , pp. 71–96 . https://doi.org/10.1080/14702541.2018.1457169
Scottish Geographical Journal
© 2018 Royal Scottish Geographical Society. This work is made available online in accordance with the publisher’s policies. This is the author created, accepted version manuscript following peer review and may differ slightly from the final published version. The final published version of this work is available at https://doi.org/10.1080/14702541.2018.1457169
DescriptionSD and FDM acknowledge support from NERC award NE/K000063/1 (‘Will climate change in the Arctic increase the landslide-tsunami risk to the UK?’).
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