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dc.contributor.authorJanoff-Bulman, Ronnie
dc.contributor.authorSheikh, Sana
dc.contributor.authorBaldacci, Kate
dc.identifier.citationJanoff-Bulman , R , Sheikh , S & Baldacci , K 2008 , ' Mapping moral motives : Approach, avoidance, and political orientation ' , Journal of Experimental Social Psychology , vol. 44 , no. 4 , pp. 1091-1099 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 5241829
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: aee9e2b8-c49a-43a0-9704-145a686ba06c
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 44549086576
dc.description.abstractRecent critiques of moral psychology and the contemporary culture wars highlight the need for a better understanding of diverse moral perspectives. A model of moral motives is proposed. The fundamental approach-avoidance distinction in motivation is crossed with self-other focus to create four moral motives: Self-Restraint (avoidance-self), Social Order (avoidance-other), Self-Reliance (approach-self), and Social Justice (approach-other). Three studies explored these motives in the context of political orientation. Overall, political conservatism was associated with avoidance motives and liberalism with approach motives. Approach-avoidance motives were also associated with distinct patterns of results regarding authoritarianism, social dominance, and positions on contemporary social issues. Responses of campus political groups demonstrated the utility of the moral motives in providing a more nuanced view of politics that also takes into account the model's second dimension, for an emphasis on Self focus (personality responsibility) versus Other focus (social responsibility) further distinguished between conservative groups. Moral and political implications are discussed.
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Experimental Social Psychologyen
dc.rights(c) 2007 Elsevier Inc. This is an author version of an article published in Journal of Experimental Social Psychology 44(4), available at http://www.sciencedirect.comen
dc.subjectMoral psychologyen
dc.subjectContemporary cultureen
dc.subjectMoral motivesen
dc.subjectSelf restrainten
dc.subjectSocial orderen
dc.subjectSelf relianceen
dc.subjectSocial justiceen
dc.subjectPolitical orientationen
dc.subjectPolitical conservatismen
dc.subjectPolitical groupsen
dc.subjectBF Psychologyen
dc.titleMapping moral motives : Approach, avoidance, and political orientationen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.School of Psychology and Neuroscienceen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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