Impact of the use of sterically congested Ir(III) complexes on the performance of light-emitting electrochemical cells
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The synthesis, structural and optoelectronic characterization of a family of sterically congested cyclometalated cationic Ir(III) complexes of the form [Ir(C^N)2(dtBubpy)]PF6 (with dtBubpy = 4,4ʹ-di-tert-butyl-2,2ʹ-bipyridine and C^N = a cyclometalating ligand decorated at the 4-position of the pyridine ring and/or the 3-position of the phenyl ring with a range of sterically bulky substituents) are reported. This family of complexes is compared to the unsubstituted analogue complex R1 bearing 2-phenylpyridinato as cyclometalating ligand. The impact of the use the sterics on the C^N ligands on both the solid state photophysics and light-emitting electrochemical cell (LEEC) device performance is investigated. X-ray diffraction analysis of complexes 1a , R2 , 2a , and 1b show an increasing internuclear distance in the solid state, within these four complexes. Emission studies in solution and neat film show that the chosen substituents essentially do not impact the emission energy. The photoluminescence quantum yields (ΦPL) are in the same range (ΦPL ~ 25 – 31%), except for 1b , which shows a lower ΦPL of 12%. All complexes exhibit similar monoexponential emission lifetimes in the submicrosecond regime. LEECs based on R1 , 1a , 1b and R2 were fabricated, showing yellow luminescence and moderate efficiencies and lifetimes. The arguably best performing LEEC device, showing the highest luminance (737 cd m-2), current efficiency (7.4 cd A-1) and EQE (2.6%), employed emitter 1a .
Hierlinger , C , Trzop , E , Toupet , L , Avila , J , La-Placa , M-G , Bolink , H J , Guerchais , V & Zysman-Colman , E 2018 , ' Impact of the use of sterically congested Ir(III) complexes on the performance of light-emitting electrochemical cells ' , Journal of Materials Chemistry C , vol. 6 , no. 24 , pp. 6385-6397 . https://doi.org/10.1039/C8TC01130C
Journal of Materials Chemistry C
© 2018 the Author(s). This work has been made available online in accordance with the publisher’s policies. This is the author created, accepted version manuscript following peer review and may differ slightly from the final published version. The final published version of this work is available at https://doi.org/10.1039/C8TC01130C
DescriptionWe thank Umicore AG for the gift of materials. We thank the EPSRC UK National Mass Spectrometry Facility at Swansea University for analytical services. C.H. acknowledges the Région Bretagne, France for funding. E.Z.-C. acknowledges the University of St Andrews and EPSRC (EP/M02105X/1) for financial support.
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