Maser radiation from collisionless shocks
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This paper describes a model of electron energization and cyclotron-maser emission applicable to astrophysical magnetized collisionless shocks. It is motivated by the work of Begelman, Ergun and Rees [Astrophys. J. 625 , 51 (2005)] who argued that the cyclotron-maser instability occurs in localized magnetized collisionless shocks such as those expected in blazar jets. We report on recent research carried out to investigate electron acceleration at collisionless shocks and maser radiation associated with the accelerated electrons. We describe how electrons accelerated by lower-hybrid,waves at collisionless shocks generate cyclotron-maser radiation when the accelerated electrons move into regions of stronger magnetic fields. The electrons are accelerated along the magnetic field and magnetically compressed leading to the formation of an electron velocity distribution having a horseshoe shape due to conservation of the electron magnetic moment. Under certain conditions the horseshoe electron velocity distribution function is unstable to the cyclotron-maser instability [Bingham and Cairns, Phys. Plasmas 7, 3089 (2000); Melrose, Rev. Mod. Plasma Phys. 1 , 5 (2017)].
Speirs , D C , Ronald , K , Phelps , A D R , Koepke , M E , Cairns , R A , Rigby , A , Cruz , F , Trines , R M G M , Bamford , R , Kellet , B J , Albertazzi , B , Cross , J E , Fraschetti , F , Graham , P , Kozlowski , P M , Kuramitsu , Y , Miniati , F , Morita , T , Oliver , M , Reville , B , Sakawa , Y , Sarkar , S , Spindloe , C , Koenig , M , Silva , L O , Lamb , D Q , Tzeferacos , P , Lebedev , S , Gregori , G & Bingham , R 2019 , ' Maser radiation from collisionless shocks ' , High Power Laser Science and Engineering , vol. 7 , e17 . https://doi.org/10.1017/hpl.2019.3
High Power Laser Science and Engineering
© The Author(s) 2019. This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.doi:10.1017/hpl.2019.3
DescriptionFunding: UK Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (grant Nos. EP/N014472/1, EP/R004773/1 and EP/N013298/1) and the Science and Technologies Facilities Council of the United Kingdom. F.C. and L.O.S. acknowledge support from the European Research Council (InPairs ERC-2015-AdG 695088) and FCT Portugal (grant No. PD/BD/114307/2016).
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