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dc.contributor.authorAli, Jarome R.
dc.contributor.authorDeacon, Amy E.
dc.contributor.authorMahabir, Keshan
dc.contributor.authorRamnarine, Indar W.
dc.contributor.authorMagurran, Anne E.
dc.identifier.citationAli , J R , Deacon , A E , Mahabir , K , Ramnarine , I W & Magurran , A E 2018 , ' Heterospecific shoaling in an invasive poeciliid: shared history does not affect shoal cohesion ' , Animal Behaviour , vol. 138 , pp. 1-8 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 252588689
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 66c0afdd-b26e-4827-aa83-48faefb73efc
dc.identifier.otherRIS: urn:1CCD0500AD5052433EBFC9D5163796D6
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85042495625
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0002-0036-2795/work/43550224
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000429442200004
dc.descriptionA.E.M. acknowledges funding from the ERC (AdG BioTIME 250189 and PoC BioCHANGE 727440) and the Royal Society.en
dc.description.abstractSocial behaviour potentially plays an important role in invasion success. New colonists, for example, may glean useful information about predators and food by interacting with native heterospecifics. The extent to which invaders benefit from such social interactions could hinge on their prior exposure to other species. Here we asked how the shoaling decisions of the Trinidadian guppy, Poecilia reticulata, a successful invasive species, are mediated by their shared history with a heterospecific, the phenotypically similar Micropoecilia picta. To do this, we monitored shoal cohesion in single-species treatments and in treatments where M. picta was present. We predicted that shoal cohesion would be greater in single- than in mixed-species shoals. We also hypothesized that mixed-species shoals consisting of fish with a shared history would be more cohesive than those where the two species had hitherto occurred allopatrically. We found that shoal cohesion did not differ between single- and two-species treatments, or in relation to shared history with M. picta. However, while guppies were more often found in mixed-species than single-species shoals, they were more likely to have a conspecific individual as their nearest neighbour within mixed-species shoals. These results show that guppies willingly shoal with heterospecifics, even in the absence of a shared history, but also that the resulting shoals are not randomly assembled. This flexibility in shoaling may confer a crucial advantage in the initial stages of invasion.
dc.relation.ispartofAnimal Behaviouren
dc.rights© 2018 The Association for the Study of Animal Behaviour. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This work has been made available online in accordance with the publisher’s policies. This is the author created, accepted version manuscript following peer review and may differ slightly from the final published version. The final published version of this work is available at
dc.subjectInvasive speciesen
dc.subjectPoecilia reticulataen
dc.subjectShoal cohesionen
dc.subjectSocial behaviouren
dc.subjectQH301 Biologyen
dc.titleHeterospecific shoaling in an invasive poeciliid: shared history does not affect shoal cohesionen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.School of Biologyen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Marine Alliance for Science & Technology Scotlanden
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Scottish Oceans Instituteen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Institute of Behavioural and Neural Sciencesen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.St Andrews Sustainability Instituteen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Fish Behaviour and Biodiversity Research Groupen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Centre for Research into Ecological & Environmental Modellingen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Centre for Biological Diversityen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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